Asthma Health Outcomes Project
Overviews of Surveyed Asthma ProgramsSeptember 2005
Domestic Programs: Illinois (cont'd)
Chicago Community-Based Asthma Intervention Trial
University of Illinois at Chicago
Victoria W. Persky, MD
The Chicago Community-Based Asthma Intervention Trial was a peer education program for inner-city families of children with asthma, implemented in Chicago by the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health from 1996-1998.
The project was designed as a randomized trial of 60 families residing in a low-income neighborhood on the West Side of Chicago. Half of the families received intensive intervention during the first 6 months of the study and half during the second 6 months of the study. The intervention consisted of a minimum of four visits, each with clearly delineated goals. During the course of these visits, trained peer educators delivered general asthma education and provided educational materials to the family. The peer educator also conducted a detailed home assessment of environmental triggers and, in collaboration with a nurse, developed and presented a management plan tailored for each family. The peer educators were also parents of children with asthma, who were recruited from the same community and who completed extensive training.
As part of the study evaluation, air and dust samples were collected at baseline, 6 and 12 months. Families were also asked to report on health outcomes at baseline, 6 and 12 months.
The intervention was found to reduce hospitalization rates and symptoms among children with asthma as well as decrease the levels of dust mite allergens and cat dander within the home.
Page 62 of 223