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19th Century Options for a 21st Century Problem

Expansion of current modes is limited by:

High costs

Land availability

Impact and public acceptance

Highways

Expensive in urban areas

Limited land availability

Metro/Commuter Rail

Expensive in urban areas

Light Rail

High service factor but limited by surface traffic unless separated at higher cost

Bus

Low cost but limited by surface traffic and slower trip times

Additional capacity  is needed

ITS can optimize use of current infrastructure

Congestion pricing can manage demand

New infrastructure that offers high service and capacity at a reasonable cost and impact is also needed to meet growing demand

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