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integration time varies by vehicle, as of this writing the SPAWAR average of about 10 days per-vehicle far exceeds the original goal of 30 days per-vehicle (Ward, 2008, August 5).

Success in the integration effort can be attributed to four key factors. First, the focus on partnering between all members of the value stream enabled SPAWAR to work with vehicle and GFE manufacturers in implementing changes throughout the production process in order to speed the integration effort. Second, the top-down focus on parallel and concurrent processes fostered continuous installation, regardless of test status during the integration process. Although this focus added expense and the possibility of rework, it also increased the importance of rapid defect correction to prevent large amounts of rework. The drawback was that some defects may have been discovered further along in production than would have been the case in a more deliberate process. Third, the JPO focus on the overall program strategy and objectives (as many survivable vehicles as quickly as possible) permeated every part of the value stream to include the integration effort. This translated into increased cooperation between all participants in the process, as well as a higher level of dedication and commitment from the integration team, which conducted continuous operations on a seven-day-per-week schedule with major emphasis on improving throughput. Finally, the SPAWAR location and capability made it the ideal location for the effort.



A critical participant in the MRAP program, from its start through final vehicle delivery to warfighters, has been the Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA). Capt. Joseph Manna, Commander of DCMA Atlanta, summarized the MRAP effort by stating: “If we would have followed normal bureaucratic procedures, we would have

failed the mission” (2008, assistance to the JPO in functions enabled the JPO

August 5). The first DCMA work on the program included

completing industrial and to determine, at the outset,

pre-award surveys. These core the industrial capacity for vehicle

27 This section draws largely from an interview with Capt. Joe Manna, Commander of DCMA Atlanta

(Manna, 2008a, August 5).


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