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strategies. The Services also manage the long-term rapid acquisition of the materiel and may incorporate it more fully where feedback dictates. (2006, pp. 11-12)

In addition, these procedures apply only to ACAT II, III, and IV programs, thereby limiting the program scope to $140 million for research and development and $660 million for procurement (in FY2000 dollars) (Under Secretary of Defense, 2003b, p. 21).

To further demonstrate the emphasis on rapid acquisitions in support of urgent operational needs, the Deputy Commanding General, U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command (RDECOM), COL(P) Peter N. Fuller summarized five distinct processes in the Army alone that provide robust capabilities to warfighters. The JUONS, validated through the Joint Staff, applies to requirements that support more than one Service. The ONS is similar to the JUONS but for requirements unique to the Army. The Joint IED Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) provides solutions to mitigate IED threats, typically in response to JUONS requirements. The JCIDS system, referred to as the PM Informal process, attempts to adjust system performance requirements in existing

acquisition programs based on direct direct warfighter-to-PM coordination in effect starts the program before

contact between field commanders and PMs. This takes advantage of existing development work and

formal

approval.

The

final

process,

the

Rapid

Equipping Force fielding solutions The existence of

(REF), involves forward-deployed teams evaluating needs and rapidly to those needs, largely through commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) items. these overlapping and mutually supporting processes demonstrates the

need for and emphasis on rapid acquisitions, but it sustains inefficiencies in evolving changes in requirements precipitated by rapidly changing threats. points out, however, these processes nevertheless incorporate considerable

addressing As Fuller innovation

and flexibility (2008).

to

speed

acquisitions

when

compared

to

the

conventional

JCIDS

process

3.

Regulatory Framework Governing Rapid Acquisitions

Legislative authority for rapid acquisition comes from two primary sources: Section 806 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal

15

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