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4.

The Warfighter Rapid Acquisition Process (WRAP)

The Warfighter Rapid Acquisition Process (WRAP) is an Army program that predates the OEF and OIF-inspired initiatives such as the ONS and JUONS. The WRAP was “directed at accelerating procurement of systems identified through TRADOC5 warfighting experiments as compelling successes which satisfy an urgent need” (Department of the Army, 1997, Paragraph 5-5). Where current processes focus on eliminating capability gaps for warfighters in an operational environment, the WRAP, formalized by Army Regulation in 1997, was a peacetime process designed to streamline the acquisition process for the most promising systems under development. Consequently, the benchmark for a rapid acquisition process was much slower than is acceptable in the current environment. Many of the lessons learned from this program still apply, however, and are relevant to current rapid acquisition processes.

The Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle—Enhanced (BSFV-E, now known as the Bradley Linebacker) was the first program managed under the WRAP. This program, which filled an urgent air defense capability need for the Army, was an ACAT IV program costing $20.1 million. It was also a non-developmental program that focused on

modifying GFE components such as the Bradley Fighting Vehicle and Stinger air missile standard vehicle-mounted launcher (SVML). In essence, a Stinger launcher replaced the TOW (tube launched optically tracked wire guided)

launcher on capabilities, 34).

an M2A2 Bradley turret. This, along with added targeting and fire were the only requirements for the system integration (Jones, 1996,

defense missile missile control pp. 33-

In his 1996 Master’s Thesis, Walter Jones conducted a case study on the WRAP process based on the experience of the BSFV-E. Although relatively simple in terms of the development effort, this program provides key lessons for a successful rapid acquisition. First and foremost, it demonstrated the importance of funding. Although this seems an obvious point, the program was approved for the WRAP program, but the Army did not budget money toward the effort. This program only succeeded because the

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TRADOC is the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. 17

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