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operational

need.

Operational

Test &

Rather than use the approved LRIP Evaluation (IOT&E), the Army instead

run to chose

conduct the Initial to immediately field

more

than

1,000

systems

to

deployed

and

deploying

units.

Conatser and Grizio (2005) determined that the success of this accelerated effort

relied

on

four

program

characteristics.

First,

this

program

had

a

relatively

mature

technical solution to fill a capability gap. Second, user representatives were accept a useful solution in the short term while the program management office

willing to continued

to develop the system to its military leadership at the

desired end state. Third, the effort had the support of Service Chief, Combatant Commander, and MDA

senior level.

Finally, the program had a sufficient funding stream in both the short and long Although this program was at a point in development that facilitated its transition to deployment, Conatser and Grizio (2005) feel that these four criteria apply to any acquisition effort in support of contingency operations (pp. 49-50).

term. rapid rapid

6.

The Value of the Joint Rapid Acquisition Cell (JRAC)

Based on legislative guidance and the Service-specific limits of the Service rapid acquisition processes, the Office of the Secretary of Defense moved to establish an overarching process to meet Immediate Warfighter Needs (IWNs) of a joint nature. IWNs are Joint Urgent Operational Needs that require resolution and fielding in 120 days

As described

by

the formation of

the

or less. directed

Middleton, Joint Rapid

Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz Acquisition Cell (JRAC) in September 2004 and

subsequently moved process culminated Instruction 3470.01

to formalize the procedures that the group would follow. This on July 15, 2005, with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCSI 3470.01) (Middleton, 2006, pp. 13-19). This instruction

“establishes resourcing, commander the role of

policy and procedures to facilitate assessment, validation, sourcing, and fielding of operationally driven urgent, execution-year combatant needs” (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 2005, p. 1). It also describes all stakeholders, with emphasis on the JRAC, which is responsible for

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