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2.

Budget Complexity

The MRAP Vehicle program has been funded by more than $20 billion in appropriations across multiple sources and Services. Because of the size and urgency of the program, financial management has received and required a great deal of attention from Congress, OSD, the Services and the JPO. The very nature of this circumstance brings several key challenges, one of which is the magnitude and pace of the program, including its many changes. Engineering changes can happen rapidly, as often as the threat forces employ innovative approaches to out-maneuver DoD anti-IED efforts. This

ultimately affects the funding requirements. appropriation and apportionment process can take

Often

in

months,

but

DoD acquisitions, this all phases were conducted

in parallel Execution

and thus were compressed into weeks, days, of this large magnitude of funding across

or hours for the MRAP program. multiple funding accounts must

occur carefully and quickly and in a timely manner requirements are changing.

to ensure that funds are received and obligated appropriately to support mission requirements at the same time that In just two fiscal years, the MRAP program executed nearly

$22 billion for procurement transportation to theater and

of vehicles, GFE, logistics support, testing across multiple Army, Navy,

upgrades, facilities, Marine Corps, Air

Force and SOCOM funding accounts. Until June all funding obligations legally required separate (Cresswell-Atkinson, 2008c).

2008, and because there was no APBA, OSD-level approval prior to execution

As previously discussed, the MRAP program did not have an approved APBA in place prior to entering the procurement phase. Key personnel instead worked quickly to develop a streamlined process to receive OSD Obligation Authority and to ensure that urgent funding documents were not delayed. Once the APBA was signed by the MDA in June 2008, the program no longer required Obligation Authority signature from the OSD (M. Cresswell-Atkinson, personal communication, July 29, 2008). As of this writing, $22.4 billion has been appropriated to the program ($5.6 billion through FY 2007 and $16.8 billion in FY 2008) for 15,374 MRAP vehicles. Of the total appropriations, $22.0 billion has been transferred to the program for obligation. Total program funding status

is shown in Figure 6 and is further broken down by funding line and Service in Figure 7. 43

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