Above Threshold Reprogramming (ATR) and Below Threshold Reprogramming (BTR) techniques were used to keep production going in FY 2007 and avoid production breaks. When Congress appropriates funding, it is for specific programs and items as represented in the budget exhibits. If the Service funding needs change, they process a
reprogramming request to cumulative threshold per
transfer funds from one account to appropriated account under (below)
is a can
reprogram funding without Congressional form. If the reprogramming need exceeds transfer of funds.
approval—this transfer is affected via a BTR the threshold, then Congress must approve the
The BTRs and ATRs ensured the MRAP program had sufficient FY 2007 funding to procure the maximum production rates from all qualified vendors for vehicle deliveries through February 2008. The JPO had to procure production through February 2008, while in FY 2007, because of production lead times. Vehicles procured with new FY 2008 funding (not available to the program until October 2007) would not be delivered until March 2008. Therefore, to procure production through February 2008 and prevent a break in production, while in 4th Quarter FY 2007, the JPO relied on ATR and BTR reprogramming (M. Cresswell-Atkinson, personal communication, July 29, 2008).
KEY FACTORS AND TRADE-OFFS
Analysis of the programmatic and contracting processes applied in the MRAP program indicates several factors critical to the JPO success in meeting the program objectives. Chief among these factors was the multiple award, IDIQ, test and production acquisition strategy, which was designed with the focused intent of rapidly meeting urgent warfighter needs. This acquisition strategy included a tailored approach to the acquisition process, allowing concurrent, rather than sequential, execution of all acquisition phases. It applied competitive prototyping to expedite vehicle delivery, foster competition and innovation, and provide maximum ordering flexibility to the PM. It used threshold testing as an initial means of source selection, and it accepted a multiple- manufacturer approach as a way of rapidly expanding the industrial base and maximizing