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specialty metals not melted or produced in the United States” (Young et al., 2007, p. 7). Such exceptions were made and waivers requested in many cases based on this direct guidance from the Secretary of Defense.

This top-level prioritization also provided emphasis and direction to industry, which had competing requirements in both government and commercial work. The effect of this public prioritization must also be considered within the context of the situation on

the ground (Office of effectively

in Iraq. In May 2007, casualties were at their highest sustained rate of

the Secretary of Defense, 2008). The combination of these created a moral imperative for industry to support the program.


the war factors

The second action, which flowed directly from the prioritization, occurred on June 1, 2007, when Secretary Gates approved a DX rating under the Defense Priorities and Allocation System (DPAS) (Young et al., 2007, p. 5). As outlined in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 11.6, a DX rating is the highest priority rating and requires preferential acceptance and performance of contracts and orders supporting certain approved national defense programs (DoD, 2008). This rare step prioritized the MRAP program by law within American industry, requiring all MRAP-related orders to be filled first and ahead of existing orders, with the exception of other DX rated orders.19

The DX rating availability due (Walsh, 2008a,

assisted FPII in eliminating a potential bottleneck in transfer case

to insufficient production capacity of







a specific tapered roller bearing significant sourcing issues, SFI

Fabrication—a Tier 2 supplier—used the DX rating to cutting machine within weeks when such acquisitions

buy welding equipment and a laser would typically take months (Carr,

Collins, & Daniel, 2008, August 22). These examples show that powerful tool for use in a rapid acquisition program. Although it manufacturer, it is critical throughout the supply chain.

the DX rating is a very varies in importance by

19 DPAS provides two levels of priority for rated orders, DO and DX. DX rated orders take priority

over all unrated and DO rated orders. Multiple DX rated orders hold the same level of priority; therefore, multiple DX rated orders are handled on a first-in, first-out basis. Based on the small number of DX rated programs, the MRAP program did not encounter any conflicts with other DX rated orders.


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