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Report provided to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, April 2011 - page 41 / 45

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Induce pluripotent stem (iPS) cells

Adult cells that have been reprogrammed to act like embryonic stem cells

Inner cell mass

The mass of cells contained within a blastocyst stage mammalian embryo that will give rise to all cell and tissues types of the fetus

Karyoplast

A structure made up of the nuclear genetic material, surrounded by a small amount of cytoplasm, enclosed in a cell membrane, used to transfer a spindle or pronuclei during MST or PNT experiments

Karyotype

The number and appearance of chromosomes in a cell

Lineage

Term used to describe cells with a common ancestor

Maternal spindle transfer (MST)

Technique to transfer the nuclear genetic material from a woman‟s egg into a donated egg with its genetic material removed

Meiotic division

Type of cell division necessary for sexual reproduction

Metaphase II oocytes

Mature oocytes or unfertilised eggs (that have undergone the first meiotic cell division) Thin protein structures that contribute to the „skeleton‟ and to the dynamics (movement) of the cytoplasm

Microfilaments

Micromanipulation

Use of physical techniques to add or remove cellular components

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