X hits on this document

PDF document

Report provided to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, April 2011 - page 42 / 45

93 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

42 / 45

Microtubules

Structural components of the cytoplasm, contributing to its „skeleton‟ and involved in many cellular processes including cell division

Mitochondria

Small structures present in cells that produce the cell‟s energy (see Introduction)

Mitochondrial bottleneck

The term describing how, during the development of the embryo, the low number of mitochondria per cell and the small number of cells that go on to form each tissue type means that by chance different cell types will have different proportions of mitochondrial DNA of different types

Mitochondria carryover

The proportion of mitochondria that is carried over from the original egg or zygote during MST or PNT

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)

The genetic material contained within the mitochondria

Mitochondrial haplogroup

A group of similar mitochondrial DNA types as defined by DNA sequence

Mosaicism

When cells within the same individual have a different genetic makeup

Mutation

A permanent, heritable change in the DNA sequence

Nuclear DNA

The vast majority of the cell‟s genetic information, which is contained in the nucleus of the cell

Oocyte

An egg

Page 42 of 45

Document info
Document views93
Page views94
Page last viewedSun Dec 04 17:58:44 UTC 2016
Pages45
Paragraphs722
Words11257

Comments