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Report provided to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, April 2011 - page 43 / 45

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Ooplasm

Cytoplasm contained in an egg

Organelle

Small structure within a cell

Oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos)

The reaction that produces ATP to generate energy in the cell

Phenotype

Any observable characteristic in an organism, including a disease

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)

A technique that removes and examines one or more cells from an early embryo to identify those embryos that are unlikely to develop a genetic disease

Prenatal diagnosis

Testing for diseases or conditions in a fetus before it is born

Primordial germ cell

A specialised cell, formed at early stages of development, that is destined to give rise to egg or sperm cells

Pronuclei

The independent nuclei derived from the sperm and egg during the process of fertilisation, as distinct from the nucleus formed from the combination of the maternal and paternal genomes that is present in every cell type from the 2-cell stage onwards

Pronuclear transfer (PNT)

Technique to transfer a coupleā€Ÿs nuclear genetic material from a fertilised egg (zygote) into an donor zygote with its nuclear genetic material removed

Reagents

Chemicals used in experiments

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