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Report provided to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, April 2011 - page 44 / 45

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Reproductive cloning

Using somatic cell nuclear transfer (see below) to create a genetically identical organism

Segregation

The process that determines the genetic information present in different tissues or organisms

Selection

The process by which particular entities, such as genes, or cells, are favoured

Sequencing

Method for determining the order of chemicals that make up DNA in an individual

Sex selection

Selecting an embryo of a particular sex to avoid passing on a serious sex-linked condition

Single embryo transfer

Transferring just one embryo into the uterus of a woman during a cycle of treatment

Somatic cell

Any cell of an embryo or adult that is not a germline cell

Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)

Fusion of an adult (somatic) cell with an egg that has had its nucleus removed

Spindle

A structure in a cell, made up of microtubules, that move the chromosomes when the cell divides

Syngamy

The fusion of an egg and sperm

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