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has come down by 1.7 percent annually since 2001. However, inequality has increased in the country as per the latest statistics collected in end-2005.

9.The current GNP of Bangladesh per capita is US$ 482 up from US$ 279 in 1990. Bangladesh has experienced higher GDP growth rate of 6.7 percent in fiscal 2005/06, driven by higher agricultural and manufacturing production. The agriculture sector’s share of GDP dropped from 29.5 percent in 1990 to 21.8 per cent in 2006, while the shares of the manufacturing and service sectors rose from 70.5 in 1990 to 78.2 percent in 2006.

10.Balance of payment situation improved in recent years with level of export and remittances growing. Merchandise export grew to a total of $10.5 billion in the fiscal 2005-2006 with readymade garment sector contributing to about three-quarters of total export earnings. Total remittances reached a record $3,600 million in 2005-2006 fiscal.

General Legal Framework:  Administrative set-up

11.Bangladesh has a parliamentary system of government. The President appoints as Prime Minister the Member of Parliament who appears to him/her to command the support of the majority of the members. The Prime Minister is the chief executive of the country. S/he has a council of ministers to assist her/him in the discharge of duties. As per the constitutional provisions, at the end of the tenure of each government, a non party Care-taker Government takes over and conducts the next parliamentary elections. The non-party Caretaker Government has been constituted Since December 2000. The number of divisions and districts remain the same but number of Upazilas (sub-district) has increased from 460 to 480 during the reporting period.


A.  Measures taken on the concluding observations

12.While on the one hand there were achievements or successes during the period; on the other hand, the State Party could not sufficiently address some of the Recommendations of the CRC Committee. The State Party has undertaken various programmes and initiatives in terms of data collection, birth registration, eradicating (worst forms of) child labour, improving juvenile justice system/administration and violence against children. Attempts have been made to review and harmonize the legislations relating to child and concerned issues. For example, the minimum age of criminal responsibility has been raised to 9 years from 7. Under the Court of Wards (Amendment) Act, 2006, any orphaned child who reached 18 years has now the right to claim the property or sell it which s/he is supposed to be legally inheriting. Previously the age limit was 21. This amendment is consistent with the CRC so far age is concerned.

13.The other important achievements accomplished during the period include: enactment of as many as 10 new laws/amendments of existing laws relevant to CRC during the period; coordination activities, both at central and field levels,  have strengthened; National Plan of Action (NPA) for Children (2005-2010) formulated keeping an eye on World Fit for Children; NSAPR/PRSP and most importantly CRC; data collection monitoring mechanisms further improved and efforts towards mainstreaming is underway; measures for  dissemination of principles and provisions of CRC and awareness building among all the stakeholders enhanced

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