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CRC/C/BGD/4

page 25

adolescents and so on. The important collaborative areas include: child rights, health, early childhood development, non-formal education, water, sanitation, environmental programmes and so on.

Budgetary measures

39.Bangladesh has been allocating more than 20 percent of the total Government expenditure in social sectors since 1990, which is more than 3 percent of the GDP. The Government has increased its investment in education sector by allocating about one-sixth of the national budget of which the share of primary and non-formal education sub-sector is nearly half. The Table 1.4 shows that there is an overall consistency in development budget (Annual Development Programme-ADP) allocation in two major social sectors- education and health.

Table 1.4

Budget allocation under ADP

(Taka in million)

Year

Total development budget

Primary and mass education (part of education budget)

Education

Health

2001-02

160 000

14 053 (8.8%)

21 710 (13.6%)

14 430 (9.0%)

2002-03

171 000

14 466 (8.5%)

25 520 (14.9%)

15 430 (9.0%)

2003-04

203 000

11 058 (5.5%)

27 110 (13.4%)

16 120 (7.9%)

2004-05

220 000

15 957 (7.3%)

31 410 (14.3%)

21 560 (9.8%)

2005-06

245 000

16 660 (6.8%)

32 970 (13.5%)

22 690 (9.3%)

2006-07

260 000

19 920 (7.7%)

38 650 (14.9%)

20 633 (7.9%)

2007-08

270 000

22 800 (8.4%)

35 950 (13%)

26 063 (10%)

Source: Annual Budget for 2001-02, 2002-03, 2003-04, 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07, 200708; Finance Division, Ministry of Finance; (Exchange rate of 1 US$= Taka 68.0).

40.The education and health sectors together account for about one quarter of the total development budget. The increase in allocation has been substantial in the last seven-year period. It is to mention that the development budget is composed of both internal resources and foreign aid and loan. In 2006-07, for example, total internal resources have been estimated to be 56 percent of total development allocation while 44 percent is coming from external resources.

41.Five sectors, namely, education, health, social welfare, sports and culture, and labour and manpower are considered under the Social sector. The following table gives sector-wide breakup of allocation for last seven years.

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