of 10‑14 age groups.
82.The Strategies and Action Plan for Mainstreaming Special Needs Children and Strategies and Action Plan for Tribal Children in Primary Education have been approved and are under process of implementation. These include children/people of tea gardens, charlands (small islands in the rivers), haor/baor/beel area (large water bodies), coastal area, gypsy people (Bede) etc.
83.The State Party has undertaken several measures to uphold the best interest of the child such as preparation of the NPA; National Children Policy, enacting/amending some related laws and legislative measures, undertaking a number of programmes and projects, extending cooperation with NGOs/CBOs and development partners, creating increased awareness about CRC.
84.The Children Act, 1974 prohibits the use of capital punishment against children under 16, but it allows imposition of life term correction of such child. However, The State Party has made significant progress in this regard in the recent years and in practice, the courts in these days rarely impose life sentences on children under 18, let alone death sentence. While in January 2000 there were four children serving life sentence, as on 25 August 2007, there was only one of such child in an Adolescent Development Centre, KUK. The State Party is also considering amendment of Children Act, 1974 so that right of a child is ensured.
85.Children’s participation received increased attention in recent years, promoted by both Government and the development partners. Children participated substantively during the preparation of the Special Session on Children and Global Movement for Children (GMC) in the country which helped to bring to the forefront the importance of children’s participation in national and international agenda. The children also participated in preparing both the National Plan of Action for Children (2005-2010) and the National Plan of Action against Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Children including Trafficking (NPA-SAECT).
86.In 2004, a National Children’s Conference was organized jointly by the MoWCA, Save the Children Alliance and UNICEF. A total of 1,000 children participated in the conference to discuss the rights of the children, the NPA-SEACT and the Concluding Observations made by the Committee on the Rights of the Child in September 2003. A Children’s Poll was conducted in 2005 to collect their opinion on various issues that affect their lives. About 4,500 boys and girls between 9 and 18 years were interviewed. Two Children Consultations were successfully organized in course of preparation of this Report.
87.Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials are being regularly produced by the State party, UNICEF and NGOs, and are disseminated through media and other means of communication across the country. However, the State Party is considering strengthening the efforts.
88.Gender equality and disparity reduction is one of the overarching strategies of the NPA (2005-2010). The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), which routinely collects information on the situation of children in the areas of health and education and child protection,