Observing Universal Children’s Day and National Children’s Day
103.The Ministry of Religious Affairs (MoRA) has been implementing a mosque based Child and Literacy Programme. Under the programme, the Imams (Community based religious leader) provide different kinds of training covering issues related to best interest of the child. Training through Imam is found very effective in Bangladesh. MoRA has established a Training Academy to train the Imams.
104.The Government has continued to allocate increased resources for children. And the impacts of this are noteworthy. The NGOs in Bangladesh are increasingly supplementing Government efforts in child rights. They, jointly and separately, are undertaking awareness‑based advocacy and campaigns related to duties and responsibilities of the parents, guardians and employers about promoting and protecting best interest of the children.
D. The right to life, survival and development
105.The vision of the National Plan of Action for Children is “A Nation Fit For Bangladesh’s Children”, while the long term goal is to “ensure the rights of the children to survival, development, protection and participation”.
106.The fundamental objective of the comprehensive National Health Policy, 2002 is to ensure health services for all. To materialize the health policy, the Health, Nutrition and Population Sector Programme (HNPSP) aims at provision of health care for all and reduction of maternal and child mortality. The programme also seeks to enhance the public health sector’s ability to manage the threats of HIV&AIDS.
107.The major interventions under the health service are covered through Essential Services Package that includes: Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI), Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) Control, Diarrhoeal Diseases Control (CDD), Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI), and School Health Programme, reproductive health care, adolescent health care, health education and promotion, urban health services, HIV&AIDS programming, Arsenicosis Management, Accidents and injuries, and Disability.
108.IMCI is a new approach in the provisions of child healthcare services. This integrated approach is to provide health promotion and preventive services of immunisation, micro-nutrient supplementation, growth monitoring and counselling on feeding, nutrition, care-seeking and caring of new-born and early stimulation & learning. A community IMCI strategy to strengthen community-based provisions for five priority areas, such as, caring and care-seeking, feeding and nutrition, essential new-born care, early childhood development and prevention of drowning has been developed.
109.The major nutrition interventions package are, increased availability of food grains and micronutrient fortified food, National Nutrition Programme (NNP), control of vitamin A deficiency, control of iodine deficiency, control of iron deficiency anaemia, promotion of breastfeeding, behavioural change communication (BCC), capacity building, etc.
110.The major interventions under the water and sanitation package are: safe water supply and arsenic contaminated tube-well screening, installation of sanitary latrines, water supply and