165.There have been some positive outcomes in the juvenile justice area. For instance, training materials on juvenile justice were prepared and translated from English to Bangla, which include the Hand Book for Police and Bench Books for Judges and Magistrates on Children in contact with the Juvenile Justice System. Moreover, the international instruments on juvenile justice and non custodial measures, also translated from English to Bangla, have been printed for wider dissemination. All these materials on juvenile justice are intended to be used for building capacity of the key stakeholders in juvenile justice.
166.Several projects deal with issues, such as capacity building of training institutes for the police, magistrates and judges and concerned ministries. Training workshops on modern trends in juvenile justice are often organized for the judges, magistrates, police lawyers and other concern persons. With government support several NGOs are working to mitigate local disputes and modernizing Salish system. This results in decrease in torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in the rural communities.
V. FAMILY ENVIRONMENT AND ALTERNATIVE CARE
A. Measures taken on the concluding observations
167.The State Party has significantly enhanced the provisions and capacity of shelter, orphanage, baby home, etc to accommodate more children deprived of family environment. In KUK, large number children in conflict with the law are housed. There is a plan to increase the number and to improve the environment of the existing KUKs. An initiative has been taken for assessment of children in institutions in order to develop minimum care standards and alternative care for the children without parental care.
168.The State Party has not yet established a legal provision for domestic and international adoption of children. Also it has not considered being a party to the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect of Inter-country adoptions.
169.The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) took a leading role in repatriation of children who worked as camel jockeys in Middle East. With the support of UNICEF and some NGOs, the Government has repatriated over 200 children formerly involved in camel racing in UAE. Of them, almost all were reintegrated in their families, and others are in the process of being rehabilitated. With the assistance of UAE Government, financial assistances are being provided. MoHA is extending this initiative to further support to the families of these children to strengthen their social reintegration and simultaneously a child protection mechanism will be developed in 65 Upazilas where the children were reintegrated.
170.Presently a process of amendment of the Children Act, 1974 is on. The proposed amendment will review the KUK issues also. Under Suppression of Violence against Women and Children Act, 2000 (as amended in 2003), 42 Special Tribunals have been established in 33 districts for trying cases only relating to violence against women and children including trafficking. This initiative was taken to facilitate the quick disposal of cases related to violence against women and children.