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UNICEF remain committed to their full rehabilitation. To achieve their full rehabilitation into society, Community Care Committee (CCC) was established. All repatriated children have been provided with medical care, psycho-social, legal and financial supports.

F.  Recovery of maintenance for the child

185.There is a hierarchy of financial responsibility for children which is conditional on the person concerned having sufficient means: the father bears primary responsibility for maintenance, followed by the paternal grandfather. Liability for maintenance is unaffected by custody arrangements. Action can be taken under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 to recover proper maintenance against a father (with sufficient means) who fails to maintain his legitimate and illegitimate children. As per the Family Courts Ordinance, 1985 parents are liable to maintain their sons until they reach puberty (and beyond if they are sick or disabled) and their daughters until marriage.

186.The Suppression of Violence against Women and Children Act, 2000 (as amended in 2003) provides imposing on the father of a child born as a result of rape, responsibility for maintaining the child. This obligation continues for boys until the age of 21 and for girls until marriage. Where the child suffers from some kind of disability, the duty to maintain continues until this child is able to maintain himself/herself. However, the full benefit of the provision cannot be derived by the children due to some socio-cultural factors.

G.  Children deprived of a family environment

187.In Bangladesh, 5.6 percent of the children are not living with their parents. Of them, 2.9 percent are males and 8.3 percent are females. In one southern district, the lowest percentage of children (72.1 percent) is living with both their parents. In this district, 19.4 percent of children live with their mother although father is alive. This may happen due to out-migration of fathers at great numbers for economic reasons. Again, 0.4 percent of children aged 10-14 have lost both parents. Among those 66 percent are currently attending school. Among the children aged 10-14 who have not lost any parent and who live with at least one parent, 87.9 percent are attending school (MICS 2006).

188.Abandoned and destitute children: Destitute children having no home or family are particularly susceptible to violence and exploitation. Often abandoned at birth, these children have little option but to live off the streets where they are compelled to live and work in exploitative conditions. Children born out of wedlock or born to rape victims are more likely to suffer abandonment than others. While social and religious taboos compel young unmarried mothers to discard their children, deteriorating economic conditions are increasingly forcing families to abandon their children. Due to divorce or subsequent marriage of their parents or polygamy, children are also abandoned. Children who lose their parents through death or desertion experience a similar plight. Having no option these children adopt sordid lifestyles and resort to different anti-social activities. These children live on the streets, railway and bus stations, shopping centres, parks and other places. Abuse and exploitation by adults is an everyday feature for these children.

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