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193.Children with disabilities: No comprehensive survey on disability has so far been conducted in Bangladesh. Findings of different partial surveys or supplementary information of other surveys indicate a range of 10-18 percent Persons with Disability (PWDs) in Bangladesh.

194.Children with disabilities are subjected to various discriminatory practices from the moment of their birth. Considered a social and economic encumbrance, children with disabilities experience prejudicial treatment in terms of family entitlements, learning opportunities, health services and equal opportunities to develop individual capacities. Girls are generally the worst suffers. Government has undertaken various measures to address the problems of persons/children with disabilities, in some cases in collaboration with NGOs/CBOs and development partners.

H.  Adoption

195.In Bangladesh no civil law regarding adoption exists. Majority population of Bangladesh are Muslim and most of their family affairs are guided by Muslim personal law. The Muslim Law in general does not allow adoption, but Hindu Law as well as Christian and Buddhist traditions do. However, in particular Hindu law contains many restrictions that are not compatible with the CRC. Persons, who cannot adopt, may take a child under his or her guardianship as per the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890. Only a citizen of Bangladesh can be declared a guardian of a Bangladeshi “minor”. The fact that adoption is not permitted under Islamic law does not exclude the possibility of a child being fostered by a Muslim family. While Islam does not recognize adoption, it does allow an individual to take charge of a child and provide for his or her maintenance (Kafala). The child fostered enjoys no inheritance right.

196.Alternative care is provided by the Government in the following facilities, which are run by the Ministry of Social Welfare:

85 orphanages (capacity 10,300 children)

6 Baby Homes, one each in Divisional HQs (capacity 550 children) for abandoned children aged 1 to 5 years (3 developed with capacity of 300 in 2003)

3 Kishore Unnayan Kendra, KUK (Adolescent Development Centres) with the total capacity of 500 (one developed with 150-capacity in 2002)

6 Destitute and Vagrant Centre (1,900 children capacity)

3 Shihu Paribar (child family) in 3 hill districts (one developed during the Reporting period)

6 Safe Homes with 400 capacity (all developed in 2003 to 2006)

2 homes (capacity 500 children) for the training and rehabilitation of destitute children (further home planned which will accommodate an additional 500 children)

197.Efforts are being made to transform orphanages into a more family-like environment following the model established by the NGO-run SOS Children’s Villages. Twenty-six

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