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orphanages have initially been selected under this initiative. Under the Budget of Fiscal 2007/08, the provision of subsistence allowance of children of orphanages and safe home etc has been further enhanced. The MoSW, as mentioned earlier, has been implementing a project to improve the situation of street children through its Appropriate Resources for Improving Street Children’s Environment (ARISE) project. Presently another project called PCAR supported by UNICEF with some new focuses has been launched.

I.  Illicit transfer and non-return

198.Despite intermarriage between Bangladeshi nationals and nationals of other countries and the existence of large Bangladeshi communities in a number of countries outside Bangladesh, the country in rare occasions face problems relating to the illicit transfer and non-return of children. In 1972, following Liberation, some children were sold, transported or adopted misusing the Bangladesh Abandoned Children (Special Provision) Order. Subsequently, the Order was repealed.

199.Bangladesh is neither a party to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction nor to any other bilateral or multilateral agreements in this area. Most reported children used as camel jockeys are brought back home, and reintegrated.

J.Abuse and neglect, physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration

200.As per the Children’s Act 1974, it is an offence to assault, ill-treat, neglect or abandon a child. Under the Suppression of Violence Against Women and Children Act 2000 (as amended in 2003) 42 Special Tribunals have been established in 33 districts of the country and a Special Judge has been posted to each tribunal for trying cases only relating to violence against women and children including trafficking in them. Forty two (Special) Public Prosecutors have been designated in 42 tribunals for conducting these cases. A Deputy Attorney General has been designated for dealing with cases in trafficking in women and children at the national level. This initiative was taken to facilitate the quick disposal of cases related to trafficking in women and children.

201.The Government is planning to improve the whole gamut of police administration of the country. Among others, “model thana (police station) development” concept would be tried to “standardize” or “rationalize” the police in terms of bringing behavioural change and making them people-friendly. Based on the experiences, the concept will be replicated throughout the country. It is believed that the children issues will be addressed with special care under the initiative.

202.Large-scale awareness campaigns and programmes were undertaken by both GO and NGOs on issues related to CRC including abuse, violence, neglect etc. Television drama, jingles, street theatre, and other types of mass awareness methods are used to promote behavioural change.

K.  Periodic review of placement

203.Children come into contact with the law for a variety of reasons. As per the Children Act 1974, child offenders can be ordered to be placed with a certified institute or an approved

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