211.The valid coverage of fully immunized children (all doses given at right intervals) increased from 52 percent in 2001 to 63 percent in 2003 and to 71 percent in 2006.
212.Almost all children (98 percent) are breastfed at some time in their lives and over 80 percent of children are breastfed still at 20-23 month of age. However, many aspects of infant and young child feeding are far from optimal.
213.The Government’s commitment to responding to HIV&AIDS is demonstrated through the National AIDS Policy. A National Strategic Plan has been approved, and a National AIDS Committee formed. The Government has launched a HIV prevention programme.
214.The Disability Welfare Act was enacted in 2001. A National Foundation for Development of Disabled under the MoSW has been established in January 2001. A policy for PWDs is prepared and under active consideration for approval. All these demonstrate the State party’s intention to promote the cause of PWDs. The Government in its Budget for 2007-08 made provision for special allowance for PWDs including children. New programmes and activities are undertaken and facilities created for them.
B. Survival and development
215.Under Article 6, paragraph 2 of CRC, the State is to ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of every child. While under right to Survival, the State Party is to ensure fundamental requirements for livelihood such as healthcare services, food with adequate nutrition, safe water, sanitation and healthy environment, among others; under Development right the Government is concerned to children’s education, and other enabling environment for full and harmonious development of his or her personality, enjoying leisure, sports and cultural activities. Present situation of the State Party vis-à-vis development/changes during the reporting period in terms of Article 6 is discussed in the following sections of this cluster as well as different sections of the Report.
C. Children with disabilities
216.The National Policy for the Disabled was adopted in 1995 and The Disability Welfare Act was enacted in 2001. A disabled person is defined as a person who loses partially or completely his ability or whose abilities become comparatively lower through physical or mental damage due to disease, accident, and wrong treatment or by all. Disability mainly occurs due to damage in physical, mental, visual and hearing and speech sense. Every disability is divided into three levels: mild, moderate and severe. The policy goes into further details regarding the definition of each type of disability.
217.The Disability Welfare Act, 2001 provides for equal rights for disabled persons. The Act focuses on prevention of disability, treatment, education, rehabilitation, employment, transport accessibility and advocacy for them.
218.There is a lack of reliable data on disability in the country as no comprehensive survey has yet been conducted. However, partial surveys conducted by different organizations give different estimates of number PWDs in the county. According to National Forum of Organizations Working with the Disabled (NFOWD), approximately 14% of the total population has some