223.National Foundation for Development of Disabled provides a range of disability-related services. The Foundation is running 10 schools for 770 children with different types of disabilities. In collaboration with an NGO, it is also operating 44 schools with 8,000 retarded students. As recently introduced by the State Party, close to 10,000 students/children with disability will get stipend from the Government.
224.The Foundation also provides support in the form of grants to around 70 schools for providing special health care and rehabilitation supports. It has disbursed Taka 67.8 million (US$ 1.0m) to persons with disability through NGOs as grant or credit during 2002-03 to 2005‑06. The major share of the funds is being utilized in rehabilitation and healthcare and livelihood development of children with disabilities. In addition, up to 2005/06 the Foundation has distributed Taka 49.14 million (US$ 0.70m) to NGOs/organizations for treatment of disabled children.
225.The Government and NGOs have made contributions to the process of awareness building through communication campaign. This boldly challenges perceived notions about the capacities and participation of children with disabilities in all aspects of life. PWDs have been participating in games and sports organized both nationally and internationally. Every year the Disability Day is observed, highlighting the issues that raise awareness.
D. Health and health services
Sectoral policies and overview
226.The Government is constitutionally committed to “the supply of basic medical requirements to all levels of the people in the society” and the “improvement of nutrition of the people and public health”. In 2002, it proclaimed the National Health Policy, which is a pro‑people policy with a focus on women, children and the poor. It is also committed to implement the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICDP), 1994, and its review in 1999. The fundamental objective of the National Health Policy is to ensure health services for all, and to reduce population growth. The policy of providing health care is based on the principles of universal coverage and accessibility; optimum utilisation and the development of human resources; appropriate use of technology; gender equity; improvement of the quality of life; priority services for most vulnerable groups; and, promotion of health as an integral part of overall development.
227.A major milestone for the national programme has been the formulation of the National Strategy for Maternal Health in 2001, a comprehensive plan to ensure safe motherhood. The Programme Implementation Plan of the HNPSP has also reflected the priorities of this strategy. A Gender Equity Strategy was developed to provide direction on gender mainstreaming in the HNPSP. A Gender Advisory Committee, with representation from MoHFW and other sectors, was established to support improvement of the health of women and children.
Major government programmes
228.Under Government’s HNPSP 2003-2010, the following healthcare interventions for children are being implemented.