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page 64

Vulnerable Group Development Programme

Rural Infrastructure Development Programme

Food/Cash for Education

Primary Stipend Programme

Female Secondary Stipend Programme

Quantity Rationing

Pilot Project of Maternity Allowance for the Poor Lactating Mothers

Other programmes (mostly tagged with training, self employment generation and micro credit)

262.The target groups under the SNPs are generally the poor, marginalized and socially disadvantaged people, but within them there is wide range of variations. Under Maternity Allowance for the Poor Lactating Mothers Pilot Project, the expecting 45,000 poor mothers are getting an allowance of Taka 300 per month. This is expected to ensure safe motherhood, and better health and nutrition of hard core poor mothers as well as safe birth and sound upbringing of infants.

263.A number of NGOs have begun experimenting with community health insurance scheme that represents a means for extending social protection. The State Party is considering, inter alia, introducing voucher system aiming at providing and ensuring health care services at an affordable cost. Such endeavours (scheme/insurance system) can also provide a means of protecting households from catastrophic (high cost) illness.

264.The subsistence allowance is provided to the children in Orphanages and shelter homes (Shishu Sadan, Shishu Paribar, Chotomoni Nibash etc). Day-care facilities for the children of working mothers, still available only on a small scale, are increasing.

F.  Standard of living

265.Article 15 of the Constitution acknowledges the State’s fundamental responsibility to “attain a steady improvement in the material and cultural standard of living of the people” in order to secure the provision of the basic necessities of life, including food, clothing and shelter.

266.The Government and NGOs work side-by-side to support the total development of children in Bangladesh. Efforts to improve the nutritional status of children form part of the Government’s health programme and specially targeted interventions (such as the National Nutrition Programme). Poverty alleviation programmes aimed at parents also have a positive impact on children by increasing the family income and improving the family’s overall standard of living. Various initiatives have also been taken by the Government to improve the housing

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