291.MICS 2006 shows that some 23 percent of child faeces are disposed of safely, with variation among the Divisions but very significant between rural (15 percent) and urban areas (44 percent). There is strong positive correlation between safe disposal and both the education of mothers and socioeconomic status of households.
292.At present the Government, besides BAMWSP, is implementing several projects/ programmes for improving WATSAN situation in the country, in association with a host of development partners and NGOS/CBO and some new programmes/projects are in the pipeline.
I. School health
293.Various channels are used to provide health-related information to children and families. The existing school health clinics are being used as the forum for school health information services. The specific activities are:
Sensitisation and motivation of primary and secondary students for critical child health and reproductive health messages and home practices
Organize school-based vision, hearing and dental examinations for primary school children
Distribute de-worming drugs at primary schools and orient on worm infestation; and
Organize TT-5 campaigns and provide iron-folic acid tablets for senior school girls
294.Capacity building of doctors, nurses and other health workers is a continued process. This strengthens capacity in service provision, referral and networking to increase better case management, address the delays in safe motherhood and inform family planning choices. A cadre of Skilled Birth Attendants (SBAs) are being developed to strengthen safe delivery at home. The Government is going to elaborately incorporate issues related to adolescents’ health in the school curriculum from year 2000.
295.The UNICEF supported School Sanitation and Hygiene Education Project, which improves water supply and sanitation facilities in primary schools and helps students learn better hygiene practices, so that they can then spread the messages through the community. Already 4,800 primary schools covering more than 1 million students have received hygiene education, and 1531 water points and 1485 latrines have been installed.
J. HIV and AIDS
296.The HIV prevalence rate is very low, the Government and the people in general have now become aware of the potential danger of it. Alongside the Government initiatives, the NGOs in good numbers have been participating in response to HIV through the HIV and AIDS Prevention Project (HAPP). Life Skills Based Education (LSBE) Project has also been an important aspect of HIV BCC. Approximately 1100 Rovers from 22 districts, and 1600 scouts from 32 districts,