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CRC/C/BGD/4

page 75

Gross enrolment status by poverty and location, 2000 (% of age cohort)

Group

Urban

Rural

National

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Poor

81.2

88.8

84.9

82.1

87.3

84.6

82.0

87.5

84.6

Non-poor

104.8

97.3

101.1

99.1

101.8

100.4

100.3

100.8

100.5

    Total

93.5

93.3

93.4

88.6

92.7

92.7

90.6

92.8

91.1

Source: World Bank: 2002 World Development Indicators, Washington D.C. and Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics: Population Census 2001, Preliminary Report, Dhaka.

318.One of the important initiatives of the State Party is development of Grade-I level books in two tribal languages, namely Murma and Bom, in cooperation with a national NGO. As a pilot project, local languages would be the medium of instructions for Grade-I students of these tribal groups in Bandarban district in CHT from next academic session (2008). Government has already decided to expand the programme incorporating other tribal languages by phases. Research to this effect is being conducted.

Non-formal education

319.The Government has been implementing massive Non-formal Education (NFE) programme since 1990s, focusing on basic literacy in achieving universal coverage. The Bureau of Non-Formal Education (BNFE) was established by the Government during the Reporting period, and a national non-formal education policy framework has been prepared and approved in January 2006.

320.The Government and over a thousand NGOs, a large number of CBOs and religious institutions provide non-formal education to children. There are several target groups for nonformal approach, i.e. (a) early child education; (b) basic literacy to targeted groups; (c) adult literacy for male and females; (d) continuing education for neo-literates and (e) skill development for income generation, promotion of quality of life and living and creating civic awareness.

321.The non-formal education that NGOs have generally provided incorporates basic literacy and numeracy for the dropouts or the disadvantaged and adolescents. Some large NGOs have progressed to provide core primary education besides the learning materials and pedagogy they use as supplementary learning materials. The adolescent programme is designed to give the dropouts and disadvantaged a second programme. As mentioned earlier, the cooperation between NGO, CBO and Government has been strengthened to implement and promote the non-formal educational activities. Under an agreement between the MoPME and BRAC, the latter has been operating around 25,000 non-formal schools.

322.The Basic Education for Hard to Reach Urban Working Children (BEHTRUC) Second Phase has been made operational from 2006. During the project period a total of 200,000 urban working children will be enrolled in a life skills based non-formal education course specifically developed for them, consisting of five learning cycles of eight months each. The preparatory phase of the Time Bound Programme (TBP) for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child

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