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325.Coverage and access to secondary education t has been increasing. Gender parity in terms of enrolment has been achieved, and rural and urban gap has been declining.

326.Gross enrolment rate at junior secondary level (grade 6-8) is 55 percent and net enrolment rate is 48 percent. At the higher secondary level (grade 9-10) the GER and NER are 42 percent and 31 percent respectively (BANBEIS). The combined GER in secondary school stands at 42.66 percent (girls-47.17 percent). The overall attendance rate is 68.10 percent (68.52 by girls).

327.A total of 36 percent male and 44 percent female students are attending secondary school at their proper ages (MICS 2006). 41 percent rural students and 52 percent of urban students are attending secondary school at their appropriate ages.

Madrasah education

328.In 2002, there were 3,443 Ebtedayee (Primary) Madrasah in the country. In addition, there were 3,574 Madrasah which had Ebtedayee section. This together account for nearly 9 percent of all institutions offering primary education in the country. They had 458,751 and 465,977 students respectively of whom 50 percent were girls. These students accounted for about 5 percent of all students at primary level. These Madrasahs had a total number of 28,285 teachers which is about 8 percent of all teachers employed at the primary level. There has been remarkable growth of Madrasah with primary section, by about 50 percent in the five year period of 1996-2001.

329.In 2001, there were 5,391 private Madrasahs offering secondary level education, of which 701 were exclusively for girls. There were 47,514 teachers at that level of whom 2,462 were female teachers. The number of students at this level was about 650,000 of which 50 percent were girls, indicating achievement of gender equality.

330.Madrasah Education Board oversees the entire system of Madrasah education. Earlier this education prevailed outside the mainstream system. Currently, the Government is providing equivalence with the regular school programme, through the introduction of mainstream subjects such as English, social Science and Science.

Vocational training

331.Vocational and technical education is under the control of the Board of Technical Education of the Ministry of Education, though other ministries such as Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE), Ministry of Youth and Sports (MoYS), Ministry of Social Welfare (MoSW), MoWCA etc provide vocational and technical training. The main institutions offering vocational training at secondary level are 64 Vocational Training Institutes (VTI) and 13 Technical Training Centres (TTCs). At present, there are around 15,000 students (10 percent female), are attending these institutions. There are other technical and vocational institutions operated by both government and non-government authorities. At higher secondary level, Government Polytechnic Institutes (20), Commercial Institutes (16), other single-purpose institutions and affiliated non-government institutions offer a variety of courses which lead to diplomas in technical and other vocational subjects.

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