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process of increase the number of Labour Inspectors significantly. Over the years, the employment of child labour in garments and in other sectors, has decreased, and many of the children are attending schools anew.

359.Monitoring system of activities related to women and child protection issues has by and large been strengthened through developing new tools and mechanisms. The system covers, inter alia, issues concerning sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking and abduction and children in conflict/contact with law. Follow up actions are taken based on the monitoring reports. Meetings on law and order particularly with reference to abuse and violence against children are more regularly held and situation assessed for taking measures and identifying future course of action.

360.The Government has enacted a number of laws to address violence against children and women, such as The Suppression of Violence against Women and Children Act, 2000, The Acid Control Act, 2002, The Acid Crimes Prevention Act, 2002, and The Law and Order Disruption Crimes (Speedy Trial) Act, 2002. Offenders are now being arrested and tried in more number than before. Police administration is being modernized. One Stop Crisis Centre (OCC) has been in operation in all 6 Divisions for supporting the woman victims. Along with the Government, NGOs are increasingly getting involved and working in advocacy and awareness programmes.

361.National Plan of Action against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children, including Trafficking (NPA-SEACT) has been formulated. A regional strategy to combat child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children was adopted by all seven South Asian Countries in Dhaka.

362.The steps of the Government in order to improve the juvenile justice, include, among others:

Raised the age of criminal responsibility from 7 to 9 years

Established a Committee to review the laws concerning juvenile justice

Establishment of 4 Divisional Juvenile Courts of Sessions is under process

Established a high level Juvenile Justice Tasks Force, and identified priority areas of action and Tasks Forces were constituted at district and sub-district (Upazila) level

A committee involving all concerned Ministries, Departments and Organizations to monitor the implementation of Children Act, 1974 has been constituted

Arranged advocacy, meetings and workshops collaboration with NGOs and Government throughout the country

Developed training materials and provided training to judges, magistrates, police, social welfare officials and other concerned on juvenile justice

363.Some bold Suo Moto orders were issued by the High Court Division in the recent years in light of the Children Act, 1974 upholding children’s rights and protection. In one judgement passed in 2005, the Court also observed that “as a signatory to the Convention, Bangladesh is duty bound to reflect the above Article (article 40) as well as other articles in CRC in our

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