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CRC/C/BGD/4

page 84

national laws. We are of the view that the time is ripe for our legislature to enact laws in conformity with the UNCRC”.

364.All these resulted in significant reduction of confinement of children in jail. While the total number of Children in confinement was 1303 in Jails in 2003, the number decreased to 395 in June 2007. The number of children kept with adult prisoners in Jails has reduced over the years. One day-care centre for the children of the female inmates of jail is running in Dhaka central Jail.

B. Children in situations of emergency

Refugee children

365.The Rohingya coming from Myanmar since 1991 is the only people to whom Bangladesh has given refugee status. Over 250,000 refugees are estimated to arrive in Bangladesh since 1991 from Myanmar. Out of them, around 21,000 are living in 2 camps in Cox’s Bazar district, some are living in make-shift houses and around 236,000 have been repatriated. Neither there is legislation for the refugees in the country nor has it ratified the UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951, however, the government provides services to the Rohingyas under an MOU with UNHCR which coordinates the process of repatriation, ensures that refugees are repatriated strictly on voluntary basis

Table 8.1

Repatriation statistics of Rohingya refugee

Year

Repatriation (person)

Cumulative person

1992-2001

232 325

232 325

2002

760

233 085

2003

3 231

236 316

2004

210

236 526

2005

92

236 618

2006

-

236 618

Source: UNHCR.

366.The Refugees living in the camps are provided with food, shelter, health and sanitation facilities, and informal education at primary level. Health services include: immunization, family planning, antenatal care, screening for malnutrition, supplementary and therapeutic feeding, vitamin-A distribution, curative health services, deworming and health education. Transfer to local hospitals is arranged, if needed.

367.There are a total of 16 schools (8 per camp), each staffed by a 5 teachers. 93 percent children of school age are enrolled; average attendance rate is 87 percent and average teacher to student ratio stands at 1.32.

368.The Government maintains law and order. NGOs are involved in building awareness on protection issues, such as domestic and sexual violence and trafficking. In case of any incidence

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