Interactive or psychological factor (Parental disinterest in child’s education, failure in examination, dropping out from school, crisis in the family, influence of peer group)
398.According to the Second National Child Labour Survey (NCLS) 2002-03, of 42.3 million children aged 5-17 years, estimated 7.4 million children (17.5 percent) are engaged in some form of economic activity. Based on definition used in ILO Convention, it is estimated that 3.2 million (43 percent) children would be considered as child labour, representing 7.5 percent of the of the entire child population in this range. Over half of the working children (53 percent) were employed in agriculture sector, followed by production (15 percent), trading/sales (14 percent) and transport (10 percent).
399.Children often work alongside family members in small scale and subsistence agriculture. Of the total child labour (3.2 million), 26 percent were attending schools and working simultaneously. As revealed in the survey, approximately 41 percent of child labour or 1.3 million children were engaged in hazardous labour.
Children and economically active (working) children in the age range of 5-17 years in 2003
Economically active children (CAC)
Children in hazardous work (CHW)
Source: BBS/NCLS, 2002/03.
400.Hazardous Work: In Integrated Baseline Survey, 2005 by BBS/ILO-IPEC in 13,180 sample establishments under 45 selected (hazardous) sectors/activities the key findings are: about 20 percent of the total establishments were employing child workers. No child worker was found in four sectors, namely, ship breaking, cigarettes (not bidi), pesticides and other chemical products, and fire works during the time of the survey undertaking. Again, of the total employed persons in the sectors, 34 percent were child workers, and of the total child workers, 98.5 percent were estimated as child labour.
401.Child Domestic Workers (CDW): Domestic child labour is the largest hazardous child labour sector in the country. There is no official record of actual number of child domestics because of the “hidden” nature of work. According to one survey (ILO-IPEC, 2005/06), the total number of CDW is estimated at 405,508, of them 31 percent are in Dhaka city and remainder in other parts of the country. Of the total domestic help in Dhaka, 92 percent are full time CDW and the remaining are part time.
402.Some CBOs/NGOs have started advocacy programme so that they are protected by law. Given the often-informal nature, regulation is difficult. However, recently the Government has