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409.NGOs work both in partnership with the Government’s child labour projects and are also involved on their own in non-formal education, formal primary education, skills training, child labour and WFCL and brothel children. The Department of Labour (DoL) with the participation of 42 NGOs/CBOs and local government institutions has established the Child Labour Elimination Action Network (CLEAN), to monitor situation concerning hazardous child labour in 8 north-west districts of Bangladesh.

Drug abuse

410.Bangladesh is a party to the following international conventions on this subject:

Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961(as amended by Protocol of 1972)

Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1971

Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances

411.The relevant domestic legislation is the Narcotics Control Act 1990, which punishes drug abuse and illicit drug trafficking with a minimum imprisonment sentence of 6 months and a fine. The Children Act, 1974 makes it a punishable offence to:

Give intoxicating liquor or dangerous drugs to a child in a public place; and

Take a child to, or permit a child to enter a place where intoxicating liquor or dangerous drugs are sold

412.Accurate rates of drug abuse among children are not available. However, children are involved as drug carriers, sellers and users.

413.The Department of Narcotics Control has overall responsibility for controlling the trafficking and abuse of drugs in Bangladesh. The United Nations Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) is supporting Government’s anti-drug efforts in three areas: law enforcement, preventive education and information and treatment/rehabilitation.

Sexual exploitation and sexual abuse

414.The Government is concerned about the problem of child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation. It was expressed in formulation of the National Plan of Action against Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Children, including Trafficking (NPA-SAECT). The Government as well as people in leading positions are convinced of the benefits of ensuring children’s participation for effective policy development and implementation. The NPA-SAECT was developed through a participatory process in consultation with different stakeholders including children and young people.

415.A regional strategy to combat child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children was adopted by all seven South Asian Countries in Dhaka. The Strategy was presented by the Government of Bangladesh during the Second World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Japan.

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