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424.Inter-Ministerial/Inter-Organizational Case Monitoring Committee in the Ministry of Home Affairs at the national level meets at least once every fortnight and selects some pending cases on trafficking in women and children in the country and ensures quick disposal of these cases. The District Monitoring Committees headed by Deputy Commissioners in turn selects at least five pending cases and monitor those regularly for quick disposal.

425.The Inter-Ministerial/Inter-Organisational Anti-Trafficking Committee led by the Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs holds meeting once a month to monitor the progress of the activities undertaken by different ministries and departments to combat trafficking in Bangladesh.

426.The GO-NGO National Co-ordination Committee for Trafficking in Women and Children is involved in implementing and monitoring programmes to combat trafficking.

427.A Police Monitoring Cell at the Police Headquarters in Dhaka collects information and intelligence report regarding human trafficking especially trafficking in women and children, arrests criminals and rescue trafficked persons, assists in prosecuting relevant cases, helps in rehabilitation of trafficked persons, and regularly follows up the progress of disposal of cases. This Cell also maintains the database of cases related to trafficking. A monitoring unit has been formed in all 64 districts. There are also local level committees, to monitor the issue of trafficking.

428.One of the major achievements during 2005 was the successful repatriation and reintegration of Bangladeshi children involved in camel racing (CICR) in UAE with the technical support of UNICEF. With the help of local administration and NGOs, almost all of them have so far been reintegrated to the family. This has expedited the process of safe return of trafficked individuals and the one of best practice initiatives.

E.  Children belonging to a minority or an indigenous group

Tribal people

429.In Bangladesh there are people, known as tribal, live in four regions of Bangladesh (divided into 27 districts). Each ethnic group demonstrating unique culture, tradition and knowledge, thereby contribute to making Bangladesh a culturally rich country. According to the latest population census (2001), more than 98 per cent of the population of Bangladesh belong to the homogeneous ethnic group known as Bengali; the remainder is composed of tribal, from 27 communities. There is a strong correlation between being indigenous, tribal and being a member of an ethnic minority group, and being poor or extremely poor.

430.The situation of tribal children and children of ethnic minorities continues to be a source of concern. There is a dearth of information on these children and whatever is available demonstrates that they have less access to their rights to food, health care, education, survival and development and protection from abuse, violence and discrimination. The MICS 2006 findings show their situation on some indicators (Table 8.4).

Table 8.4

National vis-à-vis tribal situations, MICS 2006 (in percent)

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