Draft Chapter for Strategic Intelligence
10 Daniel Ellsberg, SECRETS: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers (Viking, 2002). This is his recollection of his words to Henry Kissinger, then National Security Advisor to President Richard Nixon. The three pages on the pathological effects of falling prey to the cult of secrecy, on pages 237-239, should be forced rote memorization for all who receive clearances.
11 General Tony Zinni, USMC (Ret.), former Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Central Command (CINCCENT), as recounted to the author on 4 April 2006 by a very prominent individual close to varied National Security Council and defense personalities, who desires to remain anonymous.
12 As recounted in Richard Helms, A Look over My Shoulder : A Life in the Central Intelligence Agency (Random House, 2003)
13 Cf. Robert Steele, ON INTELLIGENCE: Spies and Secrecy in an Open World (AFCEA, 2000, OSS, 2003) with a Foreword by Senator David Boren (D-KS), whose efforts to reform national intelligence in 1992 were undone by a combination of Senator John Warner (R-VA) and Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney. The book remains the single most comprehensive public critique of the shortfalls of the secret world. For a list of other books critical of the past and offering a vision for the future, see my varied lists at Amazon.com.
14 Cf. Walter Laqueur, A World of Secrets: The Uses and Limits of Intelligence (Basic Books, 1985). Many other books give accounts of secret warfare going back into time, but culminating in the behind the lines operations in World War II, and then the “dirty tricks” of the 20th Century.
15 Sherman Kent, Strategic intelligence for American world policy (Princeton, 1951). This is a classic. In reality, Kent did not achieve his vision for two reasons: because the clandestine service took over the Central Intelligence Agency and subordinated the analysts, and because in so doing, they cut the analysts off from the world of open sources that were the mainstay of Kent’s vision in the first place.
Version 2.4 dated 7 April 2006