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Draft Chapter for Strategic Intelligence

In this first section, we will briefly review both the failings of each aspect of the secret intelligence world, and summarize how OSINT can improve that specific aspect.

History

The history of secret intelligence may be concisely summarized in relation to three periods:

Secret War.  For centuries intelligence, like war, was seen to be the prerogative of kings and states, and it was used as a form of “war by other means,” with spies and counter-spies, covert actions and plausible deniability.14

Strategic Analysis.  During and following World War II, Sherman Kent led a movement to emphasize strategic analysis.  Despite his appreciation for open sources of information, and academic as well as other experts, the clandestine and covert action elements of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and the follow-on Central Intelligence Group (CIG) and then Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), grew out of control, well beyond what President Harry Truman had envisioned when he sponsored the National Security Act of 1947.15

Smart Nation.  Since 1988 there has been an emergent movement, not yet successful, but increasingly taking on a life of its own in the private sector outside of government.  Originally conceptualized as an adjunct to secret intelligence, a corrective focus on open sources long neglected, it was

Version 2.4 dated 7 April 2006

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