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Figures

Figure 1. U-value of floor over unconditioned space ..................................................................... 6 Figure 2. Basement wall U-value.................................................................................................... 6 Figure 3. Basement wall U-value.................................................................................................... 7 Figure 4. Slab insulation R-value and depth................................................................................... 7 Figure 5. Roof/ceiling assembly U-value ....................................................................................... 8 Figure 6. Clothes washer hot water use profile............................................................................. 14 Figure 7. Multi-family common laundry hot water use profile: weekday.................................... 15 Figure 8. Multi-family common laundry hot water use profile: weekend.................................... 15 Figure 9. Dishwasher hot water use profile .................................................................................. 16 Figure 10. Shower hot water use profile....................................................................................... 16 Figure 11. Bath hot water use profile............................................................................................ 17 Figure 12. Sink hot water use profile............................................................................................ 17 Figure 13. Central restroom sink hot water use profile ................................................................ 18 Figure 14. Combined domestic hot water use profile................................................................... 18 Figure 15. Mains temperature profile for Chicago ....................................................................... 21 Figure 16. Comparison of Benchmark lighting equation to other references............................... 24 Figure 17. Normalized hourly lighting profile for a given month using Option 1 ....................... 25 Figure 18. Interior and garage lighting profile (International Falls, Minnesota).......................... 28 Figure 19. Normalized hourly profile for outdoor areas in multi-family housing........................ 33 Figure 20. Percentage of total wattage turned on per hour of day for common areas in multi-

family housing ...................................................................................................................... 33 Figure 21. Total combined residential equipment profile............................................................. 37 Figure 22. Refrigerator normalized energy use profile................................................................. 38 Figure 23. Clothes washer normalized machine energy use profile ............................................. 38 Figure 24. Clothes dryer normalized energy use profile............................................................... 39 Figure 25. Common laundry clothes washer normalized energy use profile ............................... 39 Figure 26. Common laundry clothes dryer normalized energy use profile .................................. 40 Figure 27. Dishwasher normalized energy use profile ................................................................. 40 Figure 28. Range/oven normalized energy use profile ................................................................. 41 Figure 29. Miscellaneous electric loads normalized energy use profile....................................... 41 Figure 30. Average hourly load profile from occupants for all day types and family types

(16.5 h/day/person total) ....................................................................................................... 46 Figure 31. Detailed hourly load profiles resulting from occupants being in different parts of the

house on weekdays (WD) and weekends (WE).................................................................... 47 Figure 32. Detailed hourly load profiles resulting from occupants being in different common

spaces on specific days of the week...................................................................................... 47

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