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Read 1 Samuel 20:1 and 26:18.  David is bewildered and can’t understand what he could have done to cause Saul to want to harm him.  Have you ever felt this way about an abusive situation?

Usually, the victim comes to believe that she did something to cause the abuse.  This happens in part because the abuser usually tells the victim it’s her fault:

If she just did something differently, there wouldn’t be abuse.

If she were different personally, the abuse would stop.

In the story of Saul and David, we see that David did not do anything to provoke Saul.  In fact, he repeatedly attempted to soothe, appease, use reason, and bargain in order to stop the violence.  None of his efforts worked.  Many victims of domestic violence find themselves in the same situation.  They may spend years trying one thing after another to avoid the abuse and to please the abuser, with little success.  It easy for such relationships to progress into a situation in which one person becomes a tyrant and the other experiences fearfulness, confusion, and low self-worth.

The issue becomes clearer when one realizes that domestic violence is not as much about  what the victim does or doesn’t do, as it is about an abuser’s desire to maintain power and control over another person.  Domestic violence is a pattern of coercive, intimidating, or assaultive behavior aimed at controlling the victim through fear of harm or loss, humiliation, belittling, criticism, threats, abusive control and isolation, raging, withholding, physical or psychological assault, or other means.  While abuse may occur in any relationship, domestic violence is based on a systematic and repeated pattern of such behaviors with the intent of diminishing the victim and maintaining control over her.  Meeting an abuser’s demands usually does little to improve the situation, because the abuser relies on the abuse to maintain power and control.  When one demand or condition is met, more may appear.  The victim may come to feel a sense of futility and hopelessness about the situation, as well as feelings of being inadequate, unworthy, or defective.

When the facts about domestic violence are not understood, myths develop.  These myths can lead to blaming victims for the abuse.  It is important to understand that domestic violence is…

NOT a communication problem or a conflict of differing temperaments.  Couples with these problems don’t necessarily resort to abuse.  Counselors teaching “couples communication” frequently find that this does not stop the abuse.  Domestic violence can occur where good communication techniques are being applied; some abusers will try to use them as just another tool for controlling their victim.

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