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2.For an individual with deafness or blindness, or for an individual with no written language, the mode of communication is that normally used by the individual (such as sign language, Braille, or oral communication).

Occupational Therapy—see Related Services.

Orientation and Mobility Training—see Related Services.

Orthopedic Impairment—see Student with a Disability.

Other Health Impairment—see Student with a Disability.

Paraprofessional—is a person who assists in the delivery of special educational services under the supervision of a special education teacher or other professional who has the responsibility for the delivery of special education services to students with disabilities and who meets all state and federal requirements to serve as a paraprofessional.


1.a.a biological, or adoptive parent of a child;
b.a foster parent;
c.a guardian generally authorized to act as the student’s parent, or authorized to make educational decisions for the student, but not the state if the student is a ward of the state;
d.an individual acting in the place of a biological or adoptive parent (including a grandparent, or stepparent or other relative) with whom the student lives, or an individual who is legally responsible for the student's welfare; or
e.a surrogate parent who has been appointed in accordance with §519.
2.a.Except as provided in Subparagraph 2.b of this definition, the biological or adoptive parent, when attempting to act as the parent under these regulations and when more than one party is qualified under Paragraphs 1 through 5 of this definition to act as a parent, shall be presumed to be the parent for purposes of this definition unless the biological or adoptive parent does not have legal authority to make educational decisions for the student.
b.If a judicial decree or order identifies a specific person or persons under Paragraphs A.1 through 4 of this definition to act as the "parent" of a student or to make educational decisions on behalf of a student, then such person or persons shall be determined to be the parent for purposes of this definition, except that an employee of a public agency that provides education or care for a student may not act as the parent pursuant to §519.

Parent Counseling and Training—see Related Services.

Parent Training and Information Center or Community Parent Resource Center or Organization—a private nonprofit organization (other than an institution of higher education) that has a board of directors the majority of whom are parents of students with disabilities ages birth through 26, that includes individuals working in the fields of special education, related services, and early intervention; and individuals with disabilities; and the parent and professional members of which are broadly representative of the population to be served, including low-income parents and parents of limited English proficient students; and has as its mission serving families of students with disabilities who are ages birth through 26; and have the full range of disabilities described in section 602(3) of the IDEA.

Personally Identifiable—means information that contains:

1.the name of the student, the student's parent, or other family member;
2.the address of the student;
3.a personal identifier, such as the student's social security number or student number; or
4.a list of personal characteristics or other information that would make it possible to identify the student with reasonable certainty.

Physical Education—see Special Education, Subparagraph 2.b and §108.

Physical Therapy—see Related Services.

Prior Notice—see §504 of these regulations.

Psychological Services—see Related Services.

Public Agency—includes the state, LEAs, ESAs, nonprofit public charter schools that are not otherwise included as LEAs or ESAs and are not a school of an LEA or ESA, and any other political subdivisions of the state that are responsible for providing education to students with disabilities.

Recreation—see Related Services.

Rehabilitation Counseling—see Related Services.

Related Services

1.General. Related Servicestransportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in students, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training.
2.Exception; Services that Apply to Students with Surgically Implanted Devices, Including Cochlear Implants
a.Related services do not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, the optimization of that device’s functioning (e.g., mapping), maintenance of that device, or the replacement of that device.
b.Nothing in Subparagraph 2.a of this definition:
i.limits the right of a student with a surgically implanted device (e.g., cochlear implant) to receive related services (as listed in paragraph A of this section) that are determined by the IEP Team to be necessary for the student to receive FAPE.
ii.limits the responsibility of a public agency to appropriately monitor and maintain medical devices that are needed to maintain the health and safety of the student, including breathing, nutrition, or operation of other bodily functions, while the student is transported to and from school or is at school; or
iii.prevents the routine checking of an external component of a surgically implanted device to make sure it is functioning properly, as required in §113.B.
3.Individual Related Services Terms Defined. The terms used in this definition are defined as follows:
i.identification of students with hearing loss;
ii.determination of the range, nature, and degree of hearing loss, including referral for medical or other professional attention for the habilitation of hearing;

Louisiana Register   Vol. 34, No. 10   October 20, 2008

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