X hits on this document





2 / 8


L. J. Bovee A . H . O l a p p , L . J . B o v e e , W m . M . H o l m e s , . . D . W . P e r c y , M . F . G i b b s , J o s i a h T a f t , O . S . W i l l i a m s , . . S . G a z l e v , . . A r n o l d & G r e e n , . P . H . M c M l l l e n , . . T h e r o n S t e e l e , . . . G . S . C e n t e r , J . C . S w e e t , A . J . B l o o d ,

. 8 6 6 1 . 4 3 f a i r , f a i r , g o o d .

2. «i 1.1

. 3 3 1 a . 1 . 2 0 t h i n , t h i n , f a t . g o o d , f a i r . 2. 1.4 g o o d . 7 7 . 5 0 f a i r . 1.60 1.847 3. ram 4.

ram 1.15

fleeces and making the necessary figures'to determine the relative merits of a great many of them, but knowledge in regard to so important a matter Is worth

the price.

It is due to your Association and the competitors that the processes adopted by ns in the discharge of our duties should be set forth. Mr. QOTTX, one mem- ber of the committee, is the manager of the Syracuse Woolen Mills, and under Ms immediate direction the fleeces were cleansed. His statement of the manner is by him given as follows:-" The wool was washed by taking 16 pounds of soda ash and 32 pounds salt, dissolved in 150 gallons or water in a large tub. I then took a small tub and dipped out a sufficient

scoured it In the small tub—then took out the wool and discharged the liquor, and washed each fleece in this manner, so that none of the wool was lost, wast- ed or mixed with the other. In drying the wool we laid it on a cloth on the wire' screen over our dryer, (which is inside the mill,) so that none of it was lost in drying. The strings were kept with each fleece and put with them when weighed after scouring."

These precautions appear to make it certain that there could be no error or unfairness in the process, and the result was that the wool was scoured, as Mr. GOFFB says, "as we would for manufacturing—that is, we take out all the animal oil, or ' nature' as we term it, which Is necessary in order for the wool to take color in dying."

The wool thus cleansed was carefully weighed, and then the weights, together with the weights of the uncleansed fleeces, the time the wool was growing, the live weights of the shorn animal, and the other facts necessary, were placed in the hands of Mr. HOMER D. L. SWEET, a member of the committee, and by Jiim the table that accompanies this report was made. TUa table shows by inspection the whole matter- placing the competitors in the order of their merit.

T h e work of making this table was considerable, and

MT. SWEET'S associates on the committee feel under great obligations to him for having taken it on him-


His manner



the computations





  • "Divide

the weight

of the












This gives the amount produced by the animal in a day. Divide this small fraction by the live weight. This gives the amount grown by one pound of animal in one day: multiply this fraction by 865 and it gives the amount grown by one pound of animal in a year, (this is the figure that decides who has won,) and this,

. multiplied by the live weight of the animal, tells how

much it would produce in a year. This last proves the three foregoing calculations.

operation The per

centages of fleece to live weight,

and of scoured wool

to live weight,

are computed in the



By this process Mr. SWEET has made a table that gives at a glance all the facts necessary to decide who has won the premium, and the exact standing, in all particulars, ef each competitor in the contest. By simply reading the first line it appears that ADDISON

    • H.

      CLAPF, (who stands at the head of the list,) had a ewe that was two years old, in fair condition—weigh- ing forty-nine pounds—that sheared a fleece that weighed (as it came from the animal,) nine and eighty- five hundredths of a pound—that it cleansed four and seventy-five hundredths of a pound of wool—that the uncleansed fleece weighed twenty per cent of weight of animal—that the scoured wool was nine and six-

  • -

    tenths per cent to weight of animal. The scoured wool to snorn fleece, is forty-eight per cent—making the loss in cleansing fifty-two per cent. The age of

. the fleece was 367 days; the quantity of wool pro- duced in a day by the animal was .01294 of a pound;

  • the quantity of wool produced by one pound of ani-

mal in one day is .000264; the quantity produced by one pound of animal in a year is .09636, and the quantity produced by the animal in a year would be 4.72 pounds. This is the standing, as appears by the table, of the prize animal.

To contrast this animal with one of the same age, sex, breed and condition, we will take Mr. J. C. SWEET'S ewe, No. 12 in the order of merit. Mr. SWEET'S ewe was two years old, in fair condition, weighed 78.5 pounds-fleece, 17.5,—the scoured wool 5.81,—percentage of fleece to live weight, 22.2—per- centage of scoured wool to live weight, 6—percentage of scoured wool to fleece, 80.3—percentage of shrink- age, 69.7. This comparison followed through will give the whole case.

It my be well to institute some comparison between two rams. We will take M. F. GIBBS1 NO. 5, and L. J. BOVXE'S NO. 13. Mr. GIBBS' ram was one year and one day old, in good condition; he weighed 50.5 lbs. His fleece weighed 11.81 pounds—it scoured 3.97—the percentage of fleece to live weight was 22.3—the per- centage of scoured wool to live weight is 7.6—the per- centage of scoured wool to fleece is 85.1—the percent- age of shrinkage 64.9. Mr. BOVEE'B ram was a year and fifteen days old, in good condition, weighed 108.5 pounds, sheared 18.09—scoured wool, 6.18—percent- age of fleece to live weight, 16.—percentage of scoured wool to live weight, 4.7—percentage of scoured wool to fleece, 28.6-percentage of shrinkage, 71.4.

In this connection we will take the Cotswolds. Mr. GAZLBT'S ewe No. 8, one year and twenty days old, fat, weighed 99.6 pounds—fleece as shorn, 8.9 pounds,

  • scoured wool, 7.31 pounds—percentage of fleece,

only 8, while percentage of Bcoured wort to live weight of animal is 7.-percentage of scoured woel to fteece, 82.-percentage of shrinkage, 18, which is only about one-third as much as that of the prize animal. Mr. BOVBB'S ram, though a Merino, produces more weight of animal in a year than Mr. GAZLBZ'S Cots- wold ewe, but much less scoured wool,—and this ram weighs more than twice as much as the prize ewe sheared twice as much fleece, and In the prize column stands less than half as high.

Masses of figures present few attractions to most people,—but we suggest to producers of wool and mutton a careful study of the table we give, being confident that useful information will be derived therefrom. We will content ourselves with one more comment.


It will be at once seen that the small sheep have greatly the advantage in the contest—not that the very smallest sheep proved the winner, but the rule, in the main is proven to be true,—that small sheep, having more surface in proportion to their weight, do give more wool per pound of body. This is entirely in ac- cordance with the elaborate tables made by Mr. SWBBT of the weights of animals and fleeces as shown in his own flock. His tables have been extensively pub- lished, and the lesson they taught is confirmed by our investigations.

For the mere purpose of wool raising very large sheep are not desirable. Respectfully submitted by


July 8th, 1865.



THE following is republished with a hearty endorsement by the U. S. Economist, and we add our own:

As the season of the new clip is at hand, the usual Influences to depress prices are being re- sorted to, and wool growers will require extra nerve to contend with parties whose interest it is to buy cheap. Manufacturers, dealers and speculators are all croakers; they are invariably so at shearing time. We hope the fanners will not be deceived by any false reasoning. There are facts affecting the great staple which should steadily be borne in mind. Leaving out of view the sudden and great changes that have taken place in the markets during the war, brought about by demand for army purposes, fluctuations in currency, &c., and looking at the records of the trade for about 40 years preceding, we find the average price offineand mediumfleecewool from 1827 to 1861, 34 years, to be 46)£ cents per pound.

During all that period foreign wools were ad- mitted at very low duties—some descriptions entirely free. The consumption of wool in this country has at all times been largely ahead of production, and hence imported wools have generally controlled prices.

In 1864 the clip was estimated at 90,000,000 pounds; there was Imported from abroad during the year 75,000,000 pounds—most of it prior to July 1—before the new tariff took effect

Now, wefind,on inquiry, that the stock of old fleece is almost exhausted, and that the supply of foreign is very much reduced, while imports have fallen off 76 per cent from last year at cor- responding periods; the first four months of 1864 imports were 54,640 bales against 16,818 in


Importing wool is now, and has been for

several months, a losing business;

the market

must improve or it will entirely cease.

No, cease it cannot, will not, save for a period, as manufacturers have been and are now " coin- ing '» money, and must be supplied with raw material.

There seems to us no good reason for prices being below at least 80 cents per pound for the average of Americanfleecewool.

For 34 years we have shown the coin price was.. Add gold premium, say 40 per cent

To equal average of years should be


at the present time, without reference to the protection which the present tariff gives to the


With a view to fostering and encouraging the manufacture of woolen goods in the United States, Congress laid a duty on nearly all fabrics of wool imported from abroad of 24 cents per pound and 40 per cent, ad valorem. The follow- ing is the scale of duties on wool, viz:

Of the value at the last port or place of ex- port of 13c. per Ib or less, 3c per ft. Of the value at the last port or plage of export exceed- ing 12c. and not exceeding 24c, 6c. per ft. Of the value at the last port or place of export ex- ceeding 24c. and not exceeding 32c, 10c per ft and 10 per cent ad valorem. Of the value at the last port or place of export exceeding 32c, 12c. per ft and 10 per cent, ad valorem. When im- ported scoured, three times the amount of the above duties.

Very little of the 3c duty wool is imported; the great bulk costs abroad from 12 to 24c, and pays 6c coin. The heaviest imports are from the River Plate, Cape Good Hope and Mediter- ranean. All the wools are imported unwashed, and waste two-thirds average in scouring, so that there is an actual duty of 18c per pound coin on clean wooL Add gold premium, and it gives the American wool-grower a protection of 25c. per pound on Bcoured; or say one-third off, and bring it to the condition offleecewashed on the sheep's back, and we have 17c. per pound as against the foreign article rendered to equal condition.

Thus leaving out of view the state of the marked for the last four years, which was irregu- lar, excited and various with gold and exchange, we should reason that with the existing and natural cause, wool ought to command:

Average of 34 years prior to 1861 PremiumYm gold at 140 Equivalent of Duty on Foreign

40.59 18.20 17.—

or say 80%c. per pound.


With the great Southern markets now thrown open an impetus is given to the manufacturing business, and it will be strange indeed if prices of wool and woolen goods do not still largely advance.— Cor. of the Tribune.


CORRECTION.—The fourth paragraph of our article on " Proper Amount of Yolk," last week commenced as follows:—"The best breeders object to an escape of yolk, &c." For " escape "read excess.

LALOB'S SHEEP DIPPING COMPOSITION—IS IT POI- SONOUS t—We have a letter or certificate of Dr. J. H.

Guild, Rupert, V t , stating that at the request of S. H. Rising, of thj) town, he had made a qualitative analysis of the above named composition, in conse- quence of its effect on the flock of that gentleman. Dr. Guild says: "Mr. Rising applied it to his sheep according to the" directions, and within thirty-six

hours found and others ered, with

one of the Berlously extensive





most valuable of his flock dead,





glands of the groin." chemical analysis of this

And he adds: "A careful compound proves it to con-

tain a large proportion of arsenic, rendering tremely dangerous, not only to the sheep, but





person applying it. Although enough of the poison may not be absorbed by the system to produce an im- mediate fatal result, yet it is an extremely insidious and dangerous drug, producing In small quantities chronic arsenical poisoning; which, if the cause is not understood, might well baffle the skill of the most experienced physician."

  • We are not in the habit of endorsing any of

these sheep dipping compositions, but feel bound to say, under the present circumstances, first, that Mr. Lalor is an experienced practical chemist, and second, that his preparation has been used by thousands of

persons without

any such

heard, as those


heard it warmly

praised by


so far as we have

by Dr. Guild.

We have

some of the best practical



our acquaintance.

The Doctor's only

mistake, in our opinion, is in believing


the com

position was used directions."

by Mr.


"according to the

SILESIAN SHBBP.—John L. Marshall, North White Creek, Washington Co., N. Y., makes various inqui- ries about Silesian sheep. We have given a pretty full account of them in the Practical Shepherd, and have often alluded to them in the columns of this paper. We will now, therefore, merely say, that for the production of wool fine enough for fine broad- cloths, and other fabrics demanding wool of an equal quality, they are superior to any other/amity of sheep within our knowledge; that they do cross well with coarse or grade sheep; that they are to be found in high perfection in this country; that the leading im porter of them, William Chamberlain, Esq., of Red Hook, N. Y., has them for sale, and that he, or his highly intelligent shepherd, Carl Heyne, will furnish perfectly reliable and the latest information in regard to all the details mentioned by our correspondent.



THERE being so great a conflict of opinion and practice in regard to the proper time of cut- ting the different kinds of grasses it is impossi- ble to give any rule that would be acceptable generally, and even if acceptable could not be carried out in all cases—as in many the amount of the crop is so great that while one kind is being harvested, another will perfect itself before the first is secured; it therefore becomes neces- sary to do some part earlier, or let another go somewhat past. Could all be secured in just the right state, with the help at command, per- haps there would be less conflict of practice. That there is a time when the different grasses arrive at a state in which they contain the great- est amount of nourishment is admitted by all, and that that is the best time to cut them. In the cereal crops, such as rye, oats, corn, wheat, etc., we would hardly gather them before the seed was formed, if we wished to obtain the best results; for the same or similar reasons I would expect that the grasses contained the greatest quantity of nutritious matter when they have arrived at that state when the seed is










cut in this state will have a better look and con- dition than if the grass be cut at any other stage, as observed by the writer, and also by the testi- mony of older and more experienced persons-

men who have tatted owned fine horses fed timothy.

many heavy cattle, and on such hay, especially

In changing the grasses into hay, one object is had in view, that is, to dry out the water of the sap without producing any chemical changes of the nutrient elements: how best to do this is the question. If left spread, exposed to the rays of a burning sun, it soon is discolored, and from being soft and pliable, it becomes harsh and brittle; to remedy this, as far as practicable, grass should be cured in the shade. A substi- tute for actual shade Is found in frequent turn- ing of the grass, and here we find the advantage of the "Hay Tedder;" instead of the slow and tedious process of turning by hand, you mount the seat, seize the reins, and if necessary set your horses into a trot, and the work is soon done. Grass left till mature requires less drying, as the sap contains less water than in a younger, more succulent state. If cut after the dew is off, by two or three turnings it is frequently, if good drying weather, sufficiently cured to put In the mow, and may be housed by 3 or 4 o'clock of the same day. In case it is not sufficiently dry it should be secured in good sized cocks, well put up, and trimmed to shed dew or wet; the next day the cocks may be divided or turned bottom up, and exposed a short time, to dry off moisture gathered from the ground, and carted before dinner.

It is presumed that at the present day, suita- ble barns are provided by all farmers who are up to the times, in which to store their hay; but in 'case there be some who may find it neces- sary to stack hay out, I would say, lay a good foundation, raised at least one foot from the ground, the size you wish your stack at the bot-

tom, to keep the hay from the ground, and give








few inches apart at the bottom and gether at the top, will give a better

coming to- ventilation

than a single stack pole; hay is laid up regularly;

around these



observing to



outside equi-dlstant from the stack pole, give the stack a slight swell as you rise; give it a handsome rounding top, and thatch with straw secured with hay or straw ropes, by crossing over the top and securing the ends by twisting them into the hay in the sides of the stack. Hay is improved for feed, etc., by applying three or four quarts of Bait to the ton, as put

when made into butter or cheese. Cows that are abused, kicked or roughly treated, cannot give good milk, and no process of manufacture can make it into so good an article of diet as milk that is not injured by such treatment.

Never let the dogs chase the cows. A worri- ment of this kind not only lessens the quantity, but injures the quality of milk, and it should be carefully avoided. Dogs are generally a curse among a herd of cattle, and particularly so among milch cows, unless they are trained to drive and tend them, as few of our dogs are.— Mass. Ploughman.

into the mow or stack. South Windsor, Conn.


fturol Jfotei* cmb 3ftent0.


A writer in the RURAL of the 15th says the Canada thistle " did not appear in Western New York till the opening of the Erie CanaL" He is in error. I well remember a patch of Canada thistle on a farm in the town of Canandaigua, (number nine,) as long ago as 1825. It covered an area of an eighth of an acre, I think; and it must have commenced some years previously to have attained that dimension.:, I remember that great care was taken to plow around the thistle patch, when summer fallowing. In those days the ground was plowed three times,—or plowed twice and harrowed once,—for wheat But farmers feared that disturbing the Canada thistle

WEATHEB, HABVEST, ETC.—The first half of July has gone,—pleasant, rather cool, rain fully adequate, and much of haying and harvesting done, but more remaining. This half month has given the same mean heat as the first half of June, as this was higher and that lower than the average. The semi-monthly range of mean temperature is from 66.1 deg. to 70.6 deg. for first half of June, and from 65.7 deg. to 74.6 deg. for first half of July, and yet their mean temperatures are this year 68.36 and 68.25 deg., while the general aver- age was as 63.3 to 70.8 deg. There is no case parallel to this in 29 years. The hottest noon was 84 deg. on the 7th, and the same was the hottest day—77 deg. The coldest morning was 64 deg. on the 18th, which was the coldest day—68.7 deg.

Harvesting of winter barley chiefly complete in the beginning of the month; winter wheat has been rap-

would spread it.

The Erie Canal is not nearer thanfifteenmiles from the farm referred to. I have known large crops of Canada thistle, the first year, on sub soil thrown from deep excavations, where there had been none previously within many miles, leave you to make your own inferences from this fact


correspondent, *, is quite 'fierce




the Canada



is a

villainous weed, no doubt j but havi*ig*ha<i con- siderable experience in a small way in fighting weeds, I assure you I would much rather attack

the Canada thistle than the common yellow dock or two or three other common garden

weeds. thistle,

But, to be sure of exterminating the you must mow it before " the stage of

blossoming is reached." If not, many of the seeds will mature. And thus many have been discouraged, when, if they had cut the thistles

ten ful.

days earlier, they would Canada thistles should

have been success- be cut three times

in the season.


idly cut since, and fine weather this week will bring

that harvest toward a close. By visitors from different States we have most flattering accounts of the great cereal and grass products gladdening the eyes and. hearts of producers and consumers,~-c. D.

THE SOUTHEBN CULTIVATOR.—Before the rebellion this was the most prominent and best agricultural journal published in the South, and we believe it is the only one which has survived the great conflict. We had seen nothing of it for years until a few days ago, when we received fte July number, hajlj^ from Athens, Ga. D. RBDXOMD of Augusta, is the leading editor, as of yore, with whom is associated WM. N. WHITE of Athens. Though reduced in size, and neces- sarily printed on inferior paper, we gladly welcome the Cultivator to our table, and trust its prosperity and usefulness may never again be interrupted or di- minished. Monthly—16 octavo pages - f 2 per annum.

VKBMONT MAPLE SUSAB.—I notice Mr. RANDALL is quite often favored with specimens of fine wool from Vermont, some being no doubt of superior quality. I have nothing in that line for you, but I do inclose a specimen of Vermont Maple Sugar, an article quite as much to my taste, and in sufficient quantities wo'dnot, I will venture to presume, be considered by the Editor

Turnips Among Corn.

bad to take. In Morgan lads and " sweet lasses" what beats Vermont?-!.

horses, Merino sheep, brave (with or without the grain,)

W. SANBOBN, Lyndon,


THE practice of sowing turnips among Indian corn, at the last hoeing, and especially where the latter has been thinned by worms and other in- sects, is one which can not be too urgently recommended. The turnip is a vegetable which requires less assistance from solar light during the incipient stages of its development, than almost any plant in the whole catalogue of edi- bles ; consequently, it is but slightly injured by the foliage of the com plants, or the closeness of the atmosphere thus created. After the corn crop is harvested and before frost, there will be ample time for them to root, especially if the soil be well cultivated. Hundreds of bushels of excellent turnips may frequently be grown in this way without any appreciable diminution of the corn cxo^.—Oermantown Telegraph.

Potato Blossoms.

IN an article stating the importance of burying potato tops on the spot where the pota- toes are raised, Prof. J. F. W. Johnston, who is, perhaps, as good authority on most agricultural matters as any living writer, makes a state- ment which will seem singular, at least, to American readers. It is this: —That by taking off the blossoms of potatoes —besides the usual Increase of crop—the tops keep green till|the pota- toes are " lifted," or dug, as we call i t " Thus, much green matter is obtained; and if this be made into manure, and applied to the jngfc potato crop, it is said to raise the largest produce of tubers.1'

There are


many things in the


operations of the

farm that are strange and inex-

The sample of sugar was good-extra. As to the other articles enumerated we reckon Vermont is at least equal to any other region.

CUTTING STALKS FOB STOCK.—In volume 16 No. 1 of the RUBAL, under the heading "Cutting stalks for Cattle," I saw an article that I think would be of great benefit to your readers, if the party who wrote It would give us a little more information. First, whose stalk cutter he uses, or whose is the best and cheap- est, and what is the cost with horse-power complete ? And will the same machine cut straw good as well as stalks ? The party not giving his name in full, I have to inquire through the RUBAL.—JOHN E. BABTBB, Crab Orchard, III.

ALFBED UNTVEBSITY AND ACADEMY.—We are in receipt of a Catalogue of this excellent institution, from the contents of which we infer it is in a very flourishing condition. It has long ranked among the best institutions of learning in the State, and we are glad to note that its popularity and prosperity are augmenting. The "Normal Department" is a new feature and offers peculiar advantages to those wish-

Ing to become teachers. paper.

See advertisement in this

•• •

T H E D I C K I N S O N T I L B P L O W . B y r e q u e s t o f a n u m - b e r o f R U B A L p a t r o n s I w i s h t o m a k e t h e f o l l o w i n g q u e r i e s : D o t h e d i t c h e s m a d e b y t h e " D i c k i n s o n T i l e P l o w " p r o v e e f f e c t u a l d r a i n s f o r a n y c o n s i d e r a b l e l e n g t h o f t i m e ? A r e t h e d i t c h e s m o r e l i a b l e t o g e t o u t o f r e p a i r t h a n s t o n e o n e s ? W h e r e c a n t h e " D i c k - i n s o n d i t c h e r " b e b o u g h t f I t h a s b e e n s o m e t i m e s i n c e I h a v e s e e n a n y t h i n g c o n c e r n i n g t h e s e p l o w s . I l i v e i n t h e " C h e m u n g G r o u p , " w i t h s l i g h t o u t - c r o p - p i n g s o f t h e " o l d r e d s a n d s t o n e f o r m a t i o n . " O u r s u b s o i l i s m o s t l y Surface drains are not a c l a y loam. s u f f i c i e n t , a n d l a b o r i s s o s c a r c well that e , a s h i g h , as w e c a n n o t a f f o r d t o d r a i n b y h a n d l a b o r . I f y o u c a n ^ S ^ i S ? * * 5 6 ^ y o u r P * ^ t o P o s t , " w e ' u n s , " y o u w i l l o b l i g e q u i t e a n u m b e r o f c o n s t a n t r e a d e r s a n d y o u n g t o r m e r s . - l 4 . H . K . , A U e g a n y ( * > . , N . T .


to us, and there probably always will


Indeed, everything about us ia mysterious.

When henbane and wheat plants grow side by side, and twine around each other, and the roots permeate the same soil and mingle together, one will secrete juices that will speedily destroy life,


the other those that are nutritious and life-


Prof. Johnston speaks of this, in an article commending the use of green matter to be plowed under, as a comparatively cheap and easy mode of enriching the soil. Will some of our correspondents make the trial of taking off the blossoms from a small patch of potatoes, and communicate the result to the Farmer? — New

Will some of our friends in the " Southern Tier," where, we believe, the plow named was first intro- duced, please answer the above inquiries ? *

WHAT AILS THE Pies ?—Within the last week I had f o u r s o w s d r o p t h e i r p i g s . N e a r l y a l l o f t h e m h a v e f r o m t h e i r b i r t h b e e n a f f e c t e d b y a s h a k i n g s i m i l a r t o a n a g u e , a l w a y s i n c r e a s i n g i n i n t e n s i t y w h e n e v e r u j e v a t t e m p t t o w a l k o r g e t a t t h e i r f e e d s o m e t i m e s s h a k i n g s o v i o l e n t l y t h a t t h e y a r e u n a b l e t o h o l d o n t o t h e t e a t . T w o o r t h r e e h a v e d i e d , a p p a r e n t l y f r o m t h i s c a u s e , a n d m o r e w i l l p r o b a b l y f o l l o w . T h e o l d e s t l i t t e r a r e g e t t i n g b e t t e r . T h e s o w s a r e a l l i n g o o d c o n d i t i o n , b u t n o t v e r y f a t h a v e a l w a y s b e e n t h r i v i n g a n d h e a l t h y . T h e s i r e o f t h e p i g s i s a " C h e s t e r W h i t e . " M y n e i g h b o r s h a v e n e v e r s e e n a c a s e o f t h e k i n d b e f o r e h a v e a n y o f t h e r e a d e r s o f t h e R U - B A L ? B . , G e n e s e e C o . , N . T .


England Farmer.

Don't Bun the Cows.

Now, boys, we have a word to say to you. When we were of your age we always had to drive the cows to pasture, and go and bring them, too. Sometimes we got a little late, or we were anxious to get off to play, or a cow found a bit of good, sweet grass, better than she had found all day in the pasture, and would stop to take a bite and fall behind the rest That was provoking, and we were apt to give her a pretty severe lesson. In fact, we were guilty of hurrying up on many occasions. It was all wrong, but we little knew how much injury we were inflicting on ourselves, as well as on the cows.

INQUIRIES ABOUT THE POULTBY BUSINESS.—Will y o u , t h r o u g h y o u r v a l u a b l e p a p e r , r e f e r m e t o s o m e o n e w h o S e e p s p o u l t r y ( h e n s i n p a r t i c u l a r ) f o r t h e p r o f i t o f t h e s a m e ? C a n p o u l t r y o f t h a t c l a s s b e k e p t a n d m a d e p r o f i t a b l e w i t h p r o p e r c a r e a n d i n l a r j j e n u m b e r s r C a n y o u r e f e r m e t o s t y l e o f b u i l d i n g s u i t - a b l e f o r t h a t p u r p o s e ? a l s o , m a n n e r o f m a n a g i n g a n d 4 r a i s i n g c h i c k e n s ? W h a t k i n d o f h e n s a r e t h e b e s t ' l a y e r s , a n d t h e m o s t h a r d y a n d s u i t a b l e f o r t h i s s e c - t i o n ? H o w m a n y s h o u l d b e k e p t i n o n e b u i l d i n g a n d y a r d ? I f y o u , o r a n y o f y o u r n u m e r o u s r e a d e r s w o u l d a d v i s e m e o n t h e s u b j e c t , t h e y w o u l d o b l i g e A N O L D S U B S C B I B E B , G l e n ' s F a l l s , N . T .

MILK-WEED—BLIND DITCHES. —I have watched your columns with interest to learn something about a pest that I am troubled with, that is the milk-weed, known at this season, by its purple blossoms, or later in the season by its bulbs or pods, ter« and pointed. Will some one give the best plan of ridding one s farm of them? Also the cheapest and best method of blind ditching swamps, as I have one that would be a great advantagetomyself and neighbors if properly drained. —J. B. DUNN, Burns, Mich.

Now it is perfectly well known that over- driving causes the milk to be heated and fever- ish, especially in hot weather, and this milk Is not a healthful article of food either as milk or

Ivra' PATENT LAMP.-If this lamp is what it is represented to be in an advertisement given else- where, it must soon become a popular, if not indis- pensable " institution " to both town and country.

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