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society. While it would be totally inappropriate to apply peace-making and mediation strategies to dealing with organized crime, these responses are quite appropriate for treating with many forms of social violence between ordinary citizens. The institutional capacity for delivering these types of services should therefore be strengthened. Pacification of the society and especially the high violence zones, however, requires more than the smashing of organized crime and the access to conflict management services.  It requires, at least in the short term, intensive policing and a robust programme of public order maintenance/management.  Both of these require an effective police service and justice system.  This is especially true in the short term when it is not possible to make a dramatic impact on the socio-economic aspects of the problem, particularly youth unemployment.



The National Security Vision Crime control and national security policy and strategy must be informed by clearly articulated values that are consistent with our long-term developmental goals.  These values are typically expressed in a vision statement. The values that should inform Jamaica’s progress toward a peaceful and prosperous country are stated in the national Motto, Anthem and Pledge. These values include freedom, justice, “respect for all”, and “brotherhood and peace”9.  These values find expression in our Constitution as rights and law. The Jamaica Social Policy Evaluation Project (JASPEV) has authored a vision of the Jamaica that is consistent with these values and with the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for 2015. Jamaica and the other countries of the Caribbean are among 191 UN-member States that have pledged to work towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).  The goals in the main speak to eliminating the effects of poverty and hunger, unemployment, sub-standard education, health, and environmental degradation.  Some of the MDGs that are of relevance to this report are enumerated below:

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Achieve universal primary education

Promote gender equality and empower women

Ensure environmental sustainability and in the process achieve significant improvement in lives of slum dwellers

9 We take this to also include Sisterhood.

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