3.2. Roadmap to Controlling Corruption
3.2.1. Corruption in the Government, political parties and private sector facilitates the empowerment of organized crime and freedom of criminal action more generally. Government contracts are among the most commonly used means for the corrupt, mutually-beneficial transfer of resources to organized crime and corrupt officials. A robust anti-corruption strategy is a condition for more effective law enforcement and the achievement of most of the goals stated above. (See Table 1).
3.2.2. Some of the key signposts are:
Action: Pass an effective Assets Forfeiture Act. This act should include provisions for access to information on assets, seizure of criminally and corruptly acquired assets that are put in the name of others (and make the holders of these assets criminally liable). It should also establish the authority to freeze criminally-acquired assets upon arrest. The British Act provides a good model.
Justification: More effective legal instruments are needed to deal with the challenges of organized crime and high-level corruption. These instruments are consistent with international experience.
Action: Provide the Corruption Prevention Commission with the resources that are needed to ensure its independent capability to effectively investigate and prosecute breaches of the Act.
Justification: While there are good laws and rules for treating with corruption among public officials, there is no accompanying capability to effectively enforce these laws. The first is pointless without the second.
Action: Change the libel laws so that the Press may better expose corruption and crime.
Justification: Formal systems of control work best when supported by effective informal control that also serves to hold them to account and keep them honest and effective. The Press is a critical element in any informal system of control. It flags the issues for the people and may trigger official investigations.
Action: Promote transparency by making it a statutory requirement that all political parties be required to publish annual reports, disclosing the sources of their revenue by corporate and individual names.
Justification: This would reduce corrupt and criminal influences on the political parties and the political administration and help to ensure that the policy process is more rationally grounded and better serves national interests.