Justification: Truth and Reconciliation Commissions have had a long history pre-dating the South Africa experience. Their popularity is predicated on the belief that for institutionalized and prolonged atrocities less than a generation or two old, where many of the perpetrators and victims would still be alive, lasting peace and harmonious co-existence is not possible outside of the ambit of restorative justice. Restorative justice elicits from the perpetrator a confession and from the victim, hopefully, forgiveness. Putting in place the legislative and other requirements for a Commission in Jamaica would start a process that would allow us to understand and overcome the present effects of the political violence of the post-Independence period.
3.4.4. Measures of success of degarrisoning to be applied include:
The extent to which the authority of the State in matters of crime control are accepted by the community. Indicators of this include the freedom to patrol these communities unimpeded and to make arrests, and the extent to which citizens make reports of crimes to the police.
Use of the Courts by residents of these areas.
Reduced role of criminal networks in the governance of these communities. Indicators of this include the abolition of the “jungle courts”, reduced dependence of community organizations and activities on financial contributions from criminal networks.
Tolerance of political activity by opposing parties.
Voter turn-out and voting patterns that are more representative of the country.
An end to all benefits that are derived from making these communities inaccessible, such as free utilities. The payment of utility bills may therefore be taken as a measure of this.
Reduced inter-community violence.
3.5. Roadmap to Transforming the Security Forces
3.5.1. The security forces consist of the police and military, that is, JCF and its auxiliaries, and the JDF and its reserve (the Jamaica National Reserve). Each provides a level of capability in keeping with the types of security threats that the country might face. Thus the JCF of general police is expected to provide ‘normal’ policing and law enforcement. Within the JCF is the Mobile Reserve that is expected to be able to deal with special policing situations where the level of violence is or may reasonably be expected to be significantly higher than is encountered in everyday encounters with ordinary criminality. For extraordinary situations where the threat of violence is much greater, the JDF is expected to have the capabilities to deal with these situations. Capabilities, competences, styles and systems of accountability ought to be matched with missions.