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The International Legal Framework
The International Maritime Organization (IMO)
The IMO has developed two international conventions to address these issues:
The SOLAS Convention (covering safety of life at sea)
The MARPOL Convention (covering pollution prevention)
To supplement the principles laid down in the SOLAS and MARPOL Conventions, the IMO developed the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.
The IMDG code contains detailed technical specifications to enable dangerous goods to be transported safely by sea.
The IMDG Code became mandatory for adoption by SOLAS signatory states from 1st January 2004.
IMDG Code reference: 1.1.1