SELECTED INDICATORS IN WORKERS’ COMPENSATION: A REPORT CARD FOR CALIFORNIANS
Over the period from 1995 to 2004 in California, the number of days-away-from-work cases for women decreased by about 30 percent. Days-away-from-work cases for men decreased by about 33 percent.
Between 1995 and 2004, the age groups in private industry (16 to 19, 20 to 24, 25 to 34, 35 to 44, 45 to 54, and 65 and over) experienced a decline. The biggest decline (21 percent) occurred among 25 to 34 year-old workers. The age group 55 to 64 experienced a 7 percent increase in its numbers of days away from work.
In 2004, out of 416 fatalities, approximately 95 percent were male and 5 percent were female. Some age group categories – 20 to 24 years, 25 to 34 years, 35 to 44 years, and 45 to 54 years – experienced a decline in fatal injuries between 2003 and 2004, while others – 18 to 19 years, 55 to 64 and 65 years and over – experienced an increase. The biggest decline (33 percent) was seen in the 20 to 24 years age group and the biggest increase (200 percent) in the 18 to 19 years age group. The 35 to 44 years age group experienced a slight decline of 2 percent.
The highest number of fatalities in 2004 by race or ethnic origin categories was experienced by “White, non-Hispanic” followed by “Hispanic or Latino,” accounting for 45 percent and 41 percent of the fatalities respectively. From 2003 to 2004, fatal injuries increased by 13 percent (from 20 to 23 cases) for the “Black, non-Hispanic” and by 5 percent for the “Hispanic or Latino (from 161 to 169).” Since 2003, fatal injuries for the “White, non-Hispanic” group decreased 22 percent, and fatal injuries for the “Asian” category slightly decreased by 3 percent (from 31 to 30 cases).
Occupational injury and illness information is the responsibility of the BLS within the United States DOL and the DLSR within the California DIR. Occupational injuries and illnesses are recorded and reported by California employers through several national surveys administered by the DOL with the assistance of the DIR.
OSHA Reporting and Recording Requirements
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) requires covered employers to prepare and maintain records of occupational injuries and illnesses. It provides specific recording and reporting requirements that comprise the framework for the nationwide occupational safety and health recording system. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the DOL administers the OSH Act recordkeeping system.
Although there are exemptions for some employers on recording of injuries, all California employers must report injuries to the DLSR. Every employer must also report any serious occupational injuries, illnesses or deaths to California OSHA within the DIR.
The data assist employers, employees and compliance officers in analyzing the safety and health environment at the employer's establishment and are the source of information for the BLS “Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses” and the OSHA “Occupational Injury and Illness Survey.”
BLS Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
To estimate the number of occupational injuries and illnesses in the United States, BLS established a nationwide annual survey of employers’ occupational injuries and illnesses. The state-level statistics on non-fatal and fatal occupational injuries and illnesses are derived from this survey.
Non-Fatal Injuries and Illnesses
The BLS Annual Survey develops frequency counts and incidence rates by industry and also profiles worker and case characteristics of non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses that result in lost work time. Each year, BLS collects employer reports from about 173,800 randomly selected private-industry establishments.
Fatal Injuries and Illnesses