SELECTED INDICATORS IN WORKERS’ COMPENSATION: A REPORT CARD FOR CALIFORNIANS
The estimates of fatal injuries are compiled through the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), which is part of the BLS occupational safety and health statistics program. CFOI uses diverse state and federal data sources to identify, verify, and profile fatal work injuries.
OSHA Occupational Injury and Illness Survey
Federal OSHA administers the annual “Occupational Injury and Illness Survey.” OSHA utilizes this collection of employer-specific injury and illness data to improve its ability to identify and target agency interventions to those employers who have serious workplace problems.
For this survey, OSHA collects data from 80,000 non-construction establishments and from up to 15,000 construction establishments. DSLR sends the survey to about 16,000 randomly selected California employers including 800 from the public sector.
Occupational Injury and Illness Prevention Efforts
Efforts to prevent occupational injury and illness in California take many forms, but all are derived from cooperative efforts between the public and private sectors. This section describes consultation and compliance programs, health and safety standards, and education and outreach designed to prevent injuries and illnesses to improve worker health and safety.
The Cal/OSHA Program is responsible for enforcing California laws and regulations pertaining to workplace safety and health and for providing assistance to employers and workers about workplace safety and health issues.
The Cal/OSHA Enforcement Unit conducts inspections of California workplaces based on worker complaints, accident reports and high hazard industries. There are 22 Cal/OSHA Enforcement Unit district offices located throughout the state of California. Specialized enforcement units, such as the Mining and Tunneling Unit and the High Hazard Enforcement Unit, augment the efforts of district offices in protecting California workers from workplace hazards in high hazard industries.
Other specialized units, such as the Crane Certifier Accreditation Unit, the Asbestos Contractors' Registration Unit, the Asbestos Consultant and Site Surveillance Technician Unit, and the Asbestos Trainers Approval Unit, are responsible for enforcing regulations pertaining to crane safety and prevention of asbestos exposure.
The Cal/OSHA Consultation Service provides assistance to employers and workers about workplace safety and health issues through on-site assistance, high hazard consultation and special emphasis programs, and develops educational materials on workplace safety and health topics.
Identification, Consultation and Compliance Programs
The 1993 reforms of the California workers’ compensation system required Cal/OSHA to focus its consultative and compliance resources on "employers in high hazardous industries with the highest incidence of preventable occupational injuries and illnesses and workers’ compensation losses.”
High Hazard Employer Program
The High Hazard Employer Program (HHEP) is designed to:
Identify employers in hazardous industries with the highest incidence of preventable occupational injuries and illnesses and workers’ compensation losses.
Offer and provide consultative assistance to these employers to eliminate preventable injuries and illnesses and workers’ compensation losses.
Inspect those employers on a random basis to verify that they have made appropriate changes in their health and safety programs.