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High-Performance Green Building as Defined by GGGC

  • A project created via cooperation among building owners, facility managers, users, design- ers and construction professionals through a collaborative team approach.

  • A project that engages the local and regional communities in all stages of the process, including design, construction, and occupancy.

  • A project that conceptualizes a number of systems that, when integrated, can bring efficiencies to mechanical operation and human performance.

  • A project that considers the true costs of a building’s impact on the local and regional environment.

  • A project that considers the life-cycle costs of a product or system. These are costs associated with its manufacture, operation, maintenance, and disposal.

  • A building that creates opportunities for interaction with the natural environment and defers to contextual issues such as climate, orientation, and other influences.

  • A building that uses resources efficiently and maximizes use of local building materials.

  • A project that minimizes demolition and construction wastes and uses products that minimize waste in their production or disposal.

  • A building that is energy- and resource-efficient.

  • A building that can be easily reconfigured and reused.

  • A building with healthy indoor environments.

  • A project that uses appropriate technologies, including natural and low-tech products and systems, before applying complex or resource-intensive solutions.

  • A building that includes an environmentally sound operations and maintenance regimen.

  • A project that educates building occupants and users to the philosophies, strategies, and controls included in the design, construction, and maintenance of the project.

benefiting from this integrated approach as a matter of course. In practice, however, the actual lack of coordination among design professionals and their consultants often resulted in facilities that were problematic to build. Now the green building movement has begun to emphasize that strong coordination and collaboration is the true foundation of a high-quality building. This philosophy promises to influence the


Goals for High-Performance Buildings According to the City of New York Department of Design and Construction

  • Raise expectations for the facility’s performance among the various participants.

  • Ensure that capital budgeting design and construction practices result in investments that make economic and environmental sense.

  • Mainstream these improved practices through (1) comprehensive pilot high-performance building efforts and (2) incremental use of individual high-performance strategies on projects of limited scope.

  • Create partnerships in the design and construction process around environmental and economic performance goals.

  • Save taxpayers money through reduced energy and material expenditures, waste disposal costs, and utility bills.

  • Improve the comfort, health and well-being of building occupants and public visitors.

  • Design buildings with improved performance, which can be operated and maintained within the limits of existing resources.

  • Stimulate markets for sustainable technologies and products.

Chapter 1

Introduction and Overview


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