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Medical: 5

Cardiology: 2 ════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════ ══════════════════════════

DECLARATIVE

  • I.

    Introduction

    • A.

      Epidemiology

      • 1.

        Incidence

        • a.

          Prevalence of cardiac death outside of a hospital

          • (1)

            Supportive statistics

        • b.

          Prevalence of prodromal signs and symptoms

          • (1)

            Supportive statistics

        • c.

          Increased recognition of need for early reperfusion

      • 2.

        Morbidity/ mortality

        • a.

          Reduced with early recognition

        • b.

          Reduced with early access to EMS system

      • 3.

        Risk factors

4.

  • a.

    Age

  • b.

    Family history

  • c.

    Hypertension

  • d.

    Lipids

    • (1)

      Hypercholesterolemia

  • e.

    Male sex

  • f.

    Smoking

  • g.

    Carbohydrate intolerance

Possible contributing risks

B.

a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

Diet Female sex Obesity Oral contraceptives Sedentary living Personality type Psychosocial tensions

Prevention strategies

a. b. c

.

Early recognition Education Alteration of life style

5.

Cardiovascular anatomy and physiology

  • 1.

    Anatomy of the heart

  • 2.

    Location

  • a.

    Layers

    • (1)

      Myocardium

    • (2)

      Endocardium

    • (3)

      Pericardium

      • (a)

        Visceral (epicardium)

      • (b)

        Parietal

  • b.

    Chambers

    • (1)

      Atria

    • (2)

      Ventricles

  • c.

    Valves

    • (1)

      Atrioventricular (AV) valves

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────────────────────────── United States Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Paramedic: National Standard Curriculum

8

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