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Medical: 5 Pulmonary: 1

d)

e)

(e) (f) (g) (h) Stru (a) (b) (c) The chest (1) Func (a) (b) (c) (d) (2)

(e)

(2)

Stru (a)

(b) (c) (d) The neuro (1) Func (a)

(b) (c)

(d)

(e)

(2)

Stru (a) (b) (c)

Venous partial pressures of gases Arterial partial pressures of gases Oxygen saturation Oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve ctures Alveoli Interstitial space Pulmonary capillary bed wall tions Ventilation Protection of lungs and airways Mechanism and normals The process of inspiration and expiration Normal respiratory volumes (total lung capacity, tidal volume) ctures Diaphragm is the major muscle of respiration Intercostal muscles Accessory muscles Pleural space logic control of breathing tions To control ventilation in coordination with physiologic needs Mechanism and normals Driven primarily by the pH of the cerebrospinal fluid - which is influenced by the PaCO2 Secondary drive is the partial pressure of CO2 (PaCO2) Tertiary drive (typically only utilized in a small number of individuals with severe pulmonary disease) is the PaO2 as measured by peripheral baroreceptors located in the aortic arch and carotid artery ctures Medulla Phrenic nerve innervate the diaphragm Spinal nerves (thoracic levels)

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───────────────────────── United States Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Paramedic: National Standard Curriculum

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