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Medical: 5 Pulmonary: 1

(d)

innervate the interc Hering-Breuer reflex overinflation

ostal prevents

II.

General system pathophysiology, assessment an

  • A.

    Pathophysiology

    • 1.

      A variety of problems can impact th ability to achieve its goal of gas for cellular needs and excretion of

    • 2.

      Understanding these problems global paramedic to quickly and effectivel causes and necessary interventions

    • 3.

      Specific pathophysiologies

      • a)

        Ventilation

d management

e pulmonary system=s exchange to provide

wastes ly can enable the y pinpoint probable

(1)

Upper

airway

obstruction

  • (a)

    Trauma

  • (b)

    Epiglottis

  • (c)

    Foreign body obstruc

  • (d)

    Inflammation of the

tion tonsils

(2)

(3)

Lower airway obstruction

  • (a)

    Trauma

  • (b)

    Obstructive lung dis

  • (c)

    Mucous accumulation

  • (d)

    Smooth muscle spasm

  • (e)

    Airway edema

Chest wall impairment

ease

(4)

  • (a)

    Trauma

  • (b)

    Hemothorax

  • (c)

    Pneumothorax

  • (d)

    Empyema

  • (e)

    Pleural inflammation

  • (f)

    Neuromuscular diseases (such as multiple sclerosis or muscular dystrophy)

Problems in neurologic control

(a)

Brainstem

malfunction

(i) (ii)

CNS CVA

depressant drugs or other medical

neurologic

(b)

condition (iii) Trauma Phrenic/ spinal nerve dysfunction

  • (i)

    Trauma

  • (ii)

    Neuromuscular diseases

───────────

────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

───────────────────────── United States Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Paramedic: National Standard Curriculum

8

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