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Medical: 5

Allergies and Anaphylaxis: 5 ═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════ ══════════════════════════

DECLARATIVE

  • I.

    Introduction

    • A.

      Epidemiology

      • 1.

        Incidence

      • 2.

        Morbidity/ mortality

      • 3.

        Risk factors

      • 4.

        Prevention

    • B.

      Anatomy

      • 1.

        Review of cardiovascular system

      • 2.

        Review of respiratory system

      • 3.

        Review of nervous system

      • 4.

        Review of gastrointestinal system

    • C.

      Physiology

      • 1.

        Antigens

      • 2.

        Antibodies

        • a.

          IgE

    • D.

      Terminology

      • 1.

        Allergic reaction

      • 2.

        Anaphylaxis

II.

Pathophysiology

A. B .

C.

Allergen Routes of entry

  • 1.

    Oral ingestion

  • 2.

    Injected/ envenomation

  • 3.

    Inhaled

  • 4.

    Topical

Common allergens

  • 1.

    Drugs

  • 2.

    Insects

  • 3.

    Foods

  • 4.

    Animals

  • 5.

    Other

D.

Allergic response

  • 1.

    Histamine or histamine-like substance release

  • 2.

    Biphasic response

    • a.

      Acute reaction

    • b.

      Delayed reaction

  • 3.

    Immunity

  • 4.

    Sensitivity

  • 5.

    Hypersensitivity

E.

Urticaria 1.

Redness of skin

F.

Angioneurotic

1.

Swelling/ edema of the skin

G.

Anaphylactic shock

1.

Cardiovascular system

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─────────────────────────── United States Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Paramedic: National Standard Curriculum

2

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