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Directions for Answering the Science Sample Questions - page 7 / 16

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A. B. C.

chemical electric light

D.

mechanical

FCAT Science Sample Questions

SAMPLE 8

1

A calorimeter is a device used to measure the energy content of food. In a calorimeter, a measured amount of food is burned, heating a known mass of water. The temperature change of the water is measured with a thermometer. Which type of energy present in food can be measured by the calorimeter?

2

Mason and his friends were playing baseball outside his house when they saw lightning and heard thunder rumbling in the distance. They wanted to know how far away the storm was, so they went inside, and as soon as they saw the next lightning flash, they started counting seconds until they heard the thunder. For every three seconds they counted, they knew the storm was about one kilometer away. Which of the following properties did Mason and his friends use to determine the distance of the storm?

  • F.

    speed of light

  • G.

    speed of sound

  • H.

    speed of the storm

  • I.

    speed of the lightning

3

The Milky Way is a spiral galaxy, yet when Gordon looked at the stars one night, the Milky Way Galaxy looked like a flat band of stars across the sky. Why does the Milky Way Galaxy appear to be flat?

  • A.

    Earth is inside the Galaxy.

  • B.

    Earth is close to the other stars in the Galaxy.

  • C.

    Earth is rotating too quickly to view the Galaxy.

  • D.

    Earth’s atmosphere distorts light from the Galaxy.

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